What is a hate crime? How do such crimes differ from other violent political acts? Who are the perpetrators of hate crimes in Israel? What are the motives underlying this form of criminal action? What are the effective responses to hate crime?
After a recent spate of hate crimes in Israel, this project is designed to inform the public policy debate on hate crime in Israel by examining the phenomenon from a conceptual and empirical perspective. Specifically, the research aims (1) to explore the political and academic debates over the meaning of the term 'hate-crime', (2) to provide an overview of the different types of criminal acts that fall into this category (physical and verbal violence, so-called ‘price tag’ vandalism, harassment, etc.), and (3) to assess the conditions under which hate crimes pose threats to Israeli society.
Article by: Dr. Liram Koblenzt-Stenzler, and Alexander Pack
Far-right actors view this as an opportunity to increase their influence and radicalize individuals. In the past, such radicalization efforts resulted in individual-initiative (“lone wolf”) attacks, such as in Christchurch, New Zealand. Similarly, the attack on the “Tree of Life” Synagogue in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, was perpetrated by an individual-initiative actor radicalized by white supremacists online. Additionally, the Counter-Terrorism Committee Executive Directorate (CTED) noted that from 2015-2020, there was a 320% increase globally in the number of attacks from members of the far-right.