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8/8/2010 Al-Qaeda claims responsibility for the attack on a Western sea vessel in the region of the Strait of Hormuz

ICT's Jihadi Websites Monitoring Group

On July 28th 2010 an explosion occurred on a Japanese oil tanker near the entrance to the Persian Gulf. One sailor was lightly injured as a result of the explosion. The “M Star” tanker, loaded with nearly two million barrels of oil, was on its way to Chiba Port near Tokyo when the explosion occurred as the vessel entered the Strait of Hormuz, close to Oman. The Strait of Hormuz, connecting the Persian Gulf and Oman, is considered to be one of the most important routes in the world. Close to 40% of the world’s oil supply passes through this strait. After a few days of speculation regarding the origin of the explosion, the Jihadi forums announced on August 4th 2010 that the Abdullah Azzam Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

4/8/2010 The De-Radicalization Process of Terrorist Organizations: The Libyan Case

ICT's Jihadi Websites Monitoring Group

One of the most interesting and important phenomena yet to have received appropriate treatment in research literature is the de-radicalization process which several Islamic terrorist organizations have undergone and are still undergoing. In the past decade we have been witness to attempts made by Muslim regimes to cope with the phenomenon of radicalization by formulating a policy and action strategy whose objective is to encourage a de-radicalization process. This approach has developed over the past decade and is attempting to provide an answer to all the elements of radicalization and its sources of development. Within this there are various and diverse methods of approach for coping with radicalization, thus far with no proven significant success. This document wishes to examine the de-radicalization process undergone by the well-known Libyan terrorist group – the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group (LIFG) as of November 2006. Its peak was in September 2009 with the publishing of a new book written by members of the group during their stay in the Libyan prison. The book represents a turning point in the group’s way of thinking and in its path, constituting a new phase in the war on terrorism.

26/6/2010 The Jihad "Istanbul declaration" and the Gaza Flotilla

Jonathan Fighel

 The violent nature of the flotilla and the events on board of the Turkish ship Mavi Marmara should not have been a surprise if anyone would have "connected the dots" before the takeover of the ship by the Israeli Naval Commandos. The Gaza flotilla initiative was a step in the implementation of the Jihadi "Istanbul declaration", which was issued at a conference held in Istanbul on 14-15 February 2009 under the title "Gaza victory".

6/5/2010 Al Qaeda in the Maghreb and the terror abductions

Shaul Shay

This overview deals with the terrorist and kidnapping activities of Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb.

3/5/2010 Al-Qaeda in Yemen – Evolving Threats

Danielle Sheldon

Al-Qaeda in Yemen has been gaining in strength since its reestablishment in 2006 and particularly since it merged with Al-Qaeda in Saudi Arabia to become Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula in 2009. With reputable Jihadi leaders, access to funds, ties to terrorist organizations abroad, and abilities to perpetrate attacks outside of Yemen, the organization has thrived into a force that must be reckoned with. With the Yemeni state losing control over its territory, it must continue to take strong action against the organization or risk failure as a state.

17/4/2010 The Madrid Bombings and Global Jihadism

Fernando Reinares

Since the attacks of 11 September 2001 on New York and Washington DC there has been an ongoing controversy about whether the real threat of global terrorism is posed by al-Qaeda, its territorial extensions and affiliated organisations, or by decentralised groups inspired by, but unconnected to, such entities. The 11 March 2004 Madrid train bombings are often held up as the archetype of an independent local cell at work, and the perpetrators depicted as self-recruited, leaderless terrorists. Six years after the blasts, however, new evidence connecting some of the most notorious members of the Madrid bombing network with al-Qaeda’s senior leadership, along with features of the terrorist network itself and distinctive elements of the likely strategy behind the blasts, suggest that these assumptions are misleading. Judicial documentation now fully accessible at Spain’s National Court and other relevant primary or secondary sources can help us better understand what the attacks can tell us about al-Qaeda and a global terrorism in transition, as well as about the changing nature of the threat to open societies.

First published in: Survival | vol. 52 no. 2 | April–May 2010

16/4/2010 Lashkar-e-Toiba’s Jewish problem

Eran Berman

For years, Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) has increasingly demonstrated violent global ambitions beyond the South Asian theatre; however, the antisemitic component to its target selection has only more recently been demonstrated.

22/3/2010 Jihadi Arena Report: Somalia - Development of Radical Islamism and Current Implications

Jacqueline Page

This paper explores the evolution of Somalia’s radical Islamist movements and the effect these organizations have had on the destabilization of the country’s political process until today.

29/1/2010 On the mission and concept of roles of gatekeepers in intelligence organizations: The case of the Israeli Security Agency

Arie Rotter

Intelligence organizations such as the Israeli Security Agency (Shabak/ ISA), The Institute for Intelligence and Special Operations (the Mossad), intelligence units in the IDF (AMAN) and in the Israel Police and their likes, are characterised by the special nature of their operations, which cast a heavy burden of responsibility on the shoulders of those in charge of them, accompanied by the challenge to sustain the whole spectrum of their activities within the frames of the law, integrity and subject to proper administration rules. This challenge is especially prominent in matters related to foiling - predictive - activities, which by their nature depend deeply on assessment of reality which did not occur yet, and sometimes involve violation of human rights and characterised by careful threading upon and problematic proximity to the boundaries of lawfulness.

This document, dealing with the roles of the gatekeepers - internal auditor and legal advisor - attempts to describe the aforementioned problematicalness and mechanisms to cope with it. The subject of the detailed analysis is the Israeli Security Agency, the author comes from, but it also offers inspiration and directions of thought to those engaged in the efforts of the intelligence organizations through special emphasis on their foiling activity.

The document is published with the permission of the Research Center of the National Defense College of Israel (INDC).

21/1/2010 Pakistan, the Radicalization of the Jihadist Movement and the Challenge to China

Ely Karmon

This paper gives a short comprehensive overview of Pakistan's historical role in the emergence, development and radicalization of jihadist movements since the 1980s. India, as well as faraway states like the US and the UK, has suffered from this jihadist phenomenon. Since the early 1990s, China, one of Pakistan's major neighbors and friends, has not been immune from a growing Uighur jihadist movement which has found sanctuary in Afghan and Pakistani territory and threatens the stability and security of its Xinjiang Province, and beyond. The challenge of this dangerous phenomenon risks carrying on if the Pakistani government and military will not put an end to it.

First published in Journal of Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies (in Asia), Vol. 3 , No. 3, 2009.

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