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3/12/2013 Hizb ut-Tahrir [The Islamic Liberation Party] in the West Bank

Col. (Res.) Jonathan Fighel

On June 27, 2013, Hizb ut-Tahrir’s ideology regarding Palestine took a dramatic and worrying turn: Hizb ut-Tahrir’s Web site published a charter, which called for the establishment of an Islamic Caliphate in Palestine and for the embrace of Jihad (in its violent sense). In November 26, 2013, three terrorists belonging to a terrorist operational cell affiliated with Hizb ut-Tahrir were killed in an operation carried out in Yatta/Hebron by Special Forces of the Israel Security Agency (Shin Bet), in cooperation with the counter-terrorism unit of the Israel Police Force. The group, which was active in the area, was apparently about to carry out a terrorist attack. Two guns and several explosive devices were found in their vehicle. This operation was closely preceded by the arrests of several members of the terrorist group from Yatir and Nablus. This operation marked the first time that Israeli Defense Forces had encountered armed members of Hizb ut-Tahrir in the West Bank, who were in the advanced stages of planning to execute a terrorist attack.


7/11/2013 Rise of Shiite militias and post Arab Spring sectarian threat

Ms. K. Gilbert

Part I of this report aims to provide an overview of the growing phenomenon of politicized sectarianism in the Arab world post-Arab Spring, with a particular focus on political Shi'ism. It will examine the role of the current Syrian Civil War in furthering the Sunni-Shi'a divide, and will detail the expansion of the Iranian policy of promoting Shi'ite militancy as part of Iran's Syria strategy. Part II of the report examines each of the known Iran-sponsored Lebanese, Syrian and Iraqi Shi'ite militia groups operating in the Syrian conflict, with Part III considering the future implications of this policy for sectarian tensions in Syria and the greater Middle East.


31/10/2013 Insurgency, Terrorism, and the Drug Trade

Ms. Christine Myers

This report analyzes the threat of narco-terrorism in Afghanistan and Pakistan. It explains the extent to which insurgent groups are involved in, or profit from, the drug trade, as well as describes relationships between insurgent groups and individual traffickers, criminal organizations, and state governments. Insurgent groups discussed include the Afghan Quetta Shura Taliban (QST), the Tehrik-e Taliban Pakistan (TTP), the Haqqani Network, and foreign groups including the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan and the Kurdistan Workers’ Party. The report also assesses claims that Al Qaeda is supported by Afghanistan’s drug trade.

The report outlines counternarcotics and counterterrorism policies of Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the United States and its Coalition partners, assesses their effectiveness and shortcomings, and suggests priorities for future strategies. This assessment addresses the effects of continued corruption on Afghan counternarcotics efforts and discusses Pakistan’s inconsistent actions toward insurgent groups.


30/10/2013 Hamas in Dire Straits

Dr. Ely Karmon

This Research Note analyses Hamas's standing after it deserted the "Axis of Resistance" and Damascus, positioning itself in the Sunni coalition against the Assad regime in Syria. The unfulfilled promises of the short Muslim Brotherhood reign in Egypt and the enmity of the new military regime in Cairo have seriously hurt Hamas's political, economic and military interests in the Gaza Strip and isolated it regionally. Hamas leaders lately began negotiations to mend fences with Iran, its former sponsor and its Lebanese ally, Hezbollah. The situation endangers Hamas's internal cohesion, can push it to a violent outburst against Israel or in support of the embattled Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood. However, it also possibly offers a window of opportunity to exploit its weakness, Egypt's good will and Tehran's present restraint in order to advance the laborious Israeli-Palestinian peace negotiations.

First published by Perspectives on Terrorism, Vol. VII, Issue 5 (October 2013)


23/10/2013 Trends and Developments in Lone Wolf Terrorism in the Western World

Ms. Sarah Teich

Lone wolf terrorism is a growing phenomenon, and research on the topic is severely lacking . This paper begins with a brief literature review, and then proceeds to examine trends and developments using the dataset from Appendix A. After examining the dataset, five case studies are analyzed for consistency with previous research, and to gain insights into the Islamic radicalization process.

 


21/10/2013 Islamic Radicalization in North Carolina, United States of America

Ms. Lea R. Speyer

The purpose of this report is to examine Muslim radicalization in North Caroline by applying an empirical and theoretical analysis of the Muslim community of North Carolina to allow for a greater understanding and scope of current and future Islamic radicalization trends in the state. The first section of this report focuses on the demographics of the Muslim population of North Carolina in order to gain insight into the composition of the multi-faceted Muslim community. The second section focuses on the organizational structure of the Muslim community, listing the various Sunni and Shia religious institutions in the state. While researching the religious institutions, certain religious leaders have been shown to be associated with national radical Islamic associations. The third section analyzes four case studies of terrorist activity on North Carolina soil, illustrating the dangers of self and group radicalization. The main conclusion of this report is that evidence suggests that Islamic radicalization is not a severe threat to the peace and security of the population of North Carolina or the United States.


2/10/2013 Islamic Radicalization in Canada

Mr. Stefan Sabo-Walsh

This report presents an overview of Islamic radicalization in Canada. It is made up of two parts: the first provides a socio-economic and demographic overview of Canada’s Muslim minority population. The second details the radicalization process of individuals, aggregates common trends and themes of this process, and provides specific case studies of radicalized Canadians. The report concludes that the Islamic radicalization process in Canada is extremely multifaceted and continues to pose a security concern to the country.


9/9/2013 Syria's Chemical Weapons - The Terrorism Threat

ICT Research Team

This report is the first part of an ICT project intended to evaluate the threat of proliferation of Syrian chemical weapons to local and regional terrorist organizations and beyond. The report includes information on the status of chemical weapons in Syria and their use updated to mid-June 2013 and an addendum presenting the main points of the United States and French intelligence communities' evaluation concerning the August 21, 2013 chemical attacks in the suburbs of Damascus.

 


5/9/2013 The Struggle on Egypt's New Constitution - The Danger of an Islamic Sharia State

Jonathan Fighel

The rise of the “Muslim Brotherhood” to power in Egypt in the January 25th 2013 revolution in free and democratic elections, and the discussions surrounding a new constitution approved in a referendum in December 2012, were among the most difficult and dangerous issues in the dispute which eventually led to the counterrevolution, and the ousting of Morsi from the presidency by the liberal movement led by the Egyptian army.

 


28/8/2013 The Deliberate Muslim Brotherhood violence in Cairo Fostering the "Victimization and Martyrdom" Narrative

By Jonathan Fighel Senior Researcher, ICT

One of the main contributions of the Brotherhood to the political-social Islamic revival of these last generations was the development of the concept of the western “crusader” cultural threat to the Muslim world. According to this concept, the Muslim world is under siege and is facing an existential threat which can only be solved with the reestablishment of the greater Islamic state founded on the principles of exclusively Sharia rule.

 

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