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28/8/2013 The Deliberate Muslim Brotherhood violence in Cairo Fostering the "Victimization and Martyrdom" Narrative

By Jonathan Fighel Senior Researcher, ICT

One of the main contributions of the Brotherhood to the political-social Islamic revival of these last generations was the development of the concept of the western “crusader” cultural threat to the Muslim world. According to this concept, the Muslim world is under siege and is facing an existential threat which can only be solved with the reestablishment of the greater Islamic state founded on the principles of exclusively Sharia rule.

 


21/8/2013 Case Study: Syria’s Chemical and Biological Weapons Program and the Use of These Weapons in the Syrian Civil War Today

Rachel Schwartz

 Since the uprising began in Syria in March 2011, more than 100,000 people have been killed, 1.6 million people have fled the country becoming refugees, and 4.25 million people are internally displaced . President Assad faces opposition from the Free Syrian Army as well as a coalition opposition group called the Syrian National Coalition . The United States military believes that there are 50 chemical weapon and production sites across the country with one of the main centers at Al Safir that could be at risk.


20/8/2013 The Muslim Brotherhood - in its own words

Itamar Marcus and Nan Jacques Zilberdik

In light of the recent crisis in Egypt and the pivotal role played by the Muslim Brotherhood, it is important to understand what does the Muslim Brotherhood stand for? What are its beliefs, opinions and goals? In order to understand the implications, Palestinian Media Watch has translated the book Jihad is the Way by Mustafa Mashhur, who was the official leader of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt 1996-2002. The book is the fifth volume of his full work called The Laws of Da'wa (Islamic missionary activity).

 

   First published by Palestinian Media Watch


20/8/2013 WikiLeaks Project – 2008 Mumbai Terror Attacks – An Analysis

Arti Mohan

On 26th November, 2008 there were eleven coordinated shooting and bombing attacks in prominent places and landmarks of Mumbai, the financial capital of India. 164 people including 26 foreigners were killed and at least 308 were injured. While giving a judgment which confirmed the death sentence of the sole surviving terrorist this episode was described by the Chief Justice of India as having unprecedented enormity on all scales. The planning of this operation was intricate and comprehensive. The simultaneity and the multiplicity of the attacks were confounding for the police in the initial stages and the intensive and prudent use of technology by the terrorists disadvantaged the other security forces at the later stages of the attacks. These attacks were a synthesis of methodology and technique which had not been played out in the Indian context earlier. This paper looks into the minutiae of these attacks including the planning and the preparation which went in to it as well as the response to the attacks. The impact on relations with Pakistan in the aftermath is discussed within the broader light of the international response and intelligence sharing. After discussing the impact of the attacks, this paper closes with raising the most pertinent questions these attacks have left us with.


19/8/2013 Islamic Radicalization in Australia

Blair Morris

This report provides an in depth examination of the rate and extent of Islamic radicalisation in Australia. First discussed will be a brief overview of the history of Muslim immigration to the country, there will be an examination of the demographics of Muslims in Australia, including an analysis of Muslim political participation. Following this, the theoretical explanations of the causes and process of radicalisation will also be examined. The Australian government’s response to terrorism will also be explored. This report will also examine unfamiliar sources of Islamic radicalisation, including Indigenous Australians, as well as Saudi Arabia’s secret funding of Australian universities. Following this overview of the context and history of Islamic radicalisation in Australia, this report will survey numerous case studies of radical groups, individuals, incidents of violence, and the four planned terrorist attacks in Australia since 9/11. The report will conclude with a discussion on possible ways to prevent further incidents of radicalisation, as well as forecast future developments.


6/8/2013 Recent Terrorist Plots Against Jews and Israelis Abroad - Updated

Michael Whine

On 19 July 2012, Shasta Khan was found guilty of conspiring to bomb Jewish targets in Manchester. Her husband Mohammed Khan had pleaded guilty and therefore did not stand trial. The following day, both were sent to prison.

On 18 July 2012, a bus carrying Israeli tourists outside Burgas airport in Bulgaria was blown up, killing five Israelis and the Bulgarian bus driver. The official report of the Bulgarian authorities concluded that Hizbollah was behind the attack. The report stated that a Canadian and an Australian, who had been living in Lebanon and were members of Hizbollah, were responsible for the attack. According to the Bulgarian Interior Minister, “We have established that the two were members of the militant wing of Hizbollah.” The attack took place on the 18th anniversary of the bomb attack on the AMIA Jewish community centre.

On 28 March 2013, a Cypriot court sentenced Hossam Taleb Yaacoub to four years imprisonment for planning to attack Israeli citizens and for his membership of a criminal organization, namely Hizbollah. Yaacoub had been gathering intelligence on Israeli tourists, noting arrival times of flights arriving from Israel and the details of buses taking visitors to hotels.

These three incidents encapsulate the nature of the ongoing threat to Jewish communities and Israeli institutions abroad: both are targets, and the threat comes from different sources, with Iran and its surrogates, as well as al-Qaeda and its affiliates and sympathisers in the global jihad movement, presenting the major concerns.


2/8/2013 Dangerous Liaisons: Terrorism and Pharma

Dr. Boaz Ganor and Dr. Miriam Halperin Wernli

How vulnerable is Big Pharma to the predations of organized terrorist groups or that rogue malcontent with an agenda to wreak havoc on society? Two international security experts say it may only be a matter of time—and that the best protection against that vulnerability is vigilance.

 

   First published by PharmExec


25/6/2013 Iran - Whose is Hassan Rowhani’s Victory?

Dr. Ely Karmon

Many observers consider Hassan Rowhani's victory in the June 14 elections a defeat for Spiritual Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. I have a different take on it.
The Iranian conservative leadership is scared to death by the possible impact on the Iranian people of the Arab and especially Syrian uprisings. Khamenei most probably had in-depth pre-electoral polls showing the real mood of the Iranian electorate.
Thus, the funeral for dissident Ayatollah Jalaluddin Taheri in Isfahan only 10 days ahead of the presidential elections turned into anti-government protest when tens of thousands took to the streets chanting “death to the dictator” – a reference to Khamenei.
Therefore, it seems Rowhani's victory was the best fallback position for the Spiritual Leader, providing a minimum of legitimacy to the theocratic regime and a safety valve for the public ire.

 

 


20/6/2013 To What Extent Do Global Terrorism And Organised Criminality Converge?: General Parameters And Critical Scenarios

Luis de la Corte Ibáñez

To what extent do global terrorism and organised criminality converge?: general parameters and critical scenarios Despite their differences in terms of motivations and methods, historical examples indicate that terrorism and organized criminality can converge in several ways. Indeed, some analysts think that both threats can no longer be studied in isolation. This report explores the hypothesis of a crime-terror nexus for the special case of global (jihadi) terrorism. Three types of convergence are examined: involvement in criminal activities by terrorists, transformation of terrorists groups into hybrid or purely criminal organizations and cooperation between organized criminal organizations and terrorist groups. Finally, the study ends with a section dedicated to the cases of Af-Pak, Iraq and Western Sahel, presented as examples of privileged scenarios for interaction between global terrorism and organized crime.

 

   First published by Journal of the Spanish Institute for Strategic Studies


16/6/2013 Arab Spring, Christian Fall? – The situation of Christian minorities in the Middle East after the Arab Spring

Lt. Colonel János Besenyő

In the first part of the paper, we will review the situation of the Christian groups in Middle Eastern countries before the Arab Spring. The second part will discuss the major changes caused by the Arab Spring amongst the Christian minorities. Finally, the possibilities implied by the emigration of Arab Christians will be outlined. 

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