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22/12/2011 Generating complicities: Iran´s inroads in South America 2010-2011

Ivan Witker

The ongoing deployment of extra-hemispheric powers in the region is not exactly a gentle breeze across the region. Among Latin America’s policy-makers and scholars two contradictory visions have erupted when evaluating these deployments. On one side are those who assess it just in accordance with the globalizing tendencies that would span the world in despite of country, culture, economy or society features. On the other side are those who assess it sceptically differentiating intensities of the pursued objectives by one or other extra-hemispheric power. Indeed, China, India, Russia and Iran, by far the most active ones, have shown different goals and motivations. The receptivity has been also uneven. However, in the niches and interstices where the extra-hemispheric influence circulates the relative absence of the once ubiquitous U.S. influence as common feature is also expressed.

First published in Letras Internacionales, ORT University in Montevideo, Uruguay

18/12/2011 Cargo Containers in Transit – The Iranian Threat

Nitzan Nuriel & Adam Wolfson

Iran has been transferring in recent years large amounts of weapons to well-known terrorist groups in Lebanon and Gaza by various means. One of the ways Iran has found to be very effective is using maritime containers which ship through intermediate ports on their way to their final destinations. Iran exploits the fact that those containers, which are also known as "transit containers," almost never have their content screened at the intermediate ports. In this article we propose a global solution for the problem, one that will increase substantially local authorities' chances of apprehending Iranian weapons at the intermediate ports before they reach terrorist organizations.

5/12/2011 On Political Order and the “Arab Spring”

Amichai Magen

First published on the Israel Journal of Foreign Affairs

The Arab Spring does not constitute a single phenomenon or a disparate series of unrelated events. Rather, what we are witnessing across North Africa and the Middle East is the simultaneous unfolding of three grand, historic political processes: democratization; authoritarian adaptation/succession; and state failure. To gain an informed understanding of these processes, we shall draw upon social science theory, outlining three stylized, archetypal interpretative lenses through which to analyze the Arab Spring.

7/11/2011 Haqqani Network: Desperate Measures

Ambreen Agha

On November 4, 2011, Pentagon officials declared that "relentless pursuit" of the Haqqani Network was the top priority for American and NATO forces in Afghanistan, as this terrorist formation continued to be a major threat to US and NATO Forces in Afghanistan. Navy Captain John Kirby, Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defence for Media Operations, noted, "The Haqqani Network is lethal, deadly and continues to conduct operations inside Afghanistan and is a growing concern for our commanders out there."

First published in the South Asia Intelligence Review (SAIR)

21/8/2011 Should Israel apologize to Turkey? And to Egypt?

Ely Karmon

In recent days, there has been heavy American pressure at the highest level on Israel to apologize to Turkey for the deadly results of the May 2010 “humanitarian” flotilla led by the Turkish Islamist organization IHH, in which nine Turkish citizens were killed during their violent opposition to the Israeli marines’ operation to stop their attempt to breach the Gaza blockade.

The incident has produced an unprecedented crisis in relations between Turkey and Israel, and has had a negative influence on the important US regional alliance with the two non-Arab states.

First published in The Jerusalem Post on August 21, 2011

9/8/2011 The Noise before Defeat

Ajai Sahni

The US strategy in Afghanistan has seen a decade of unrelenting failure. The US has sought to repackage the killing of Osama bin Laden and other al Qaeda-Taliban leaders as a grand strategic success and a prelude to an ordered withdrawal from Afghanistan. The truth is, despite this handful of symbolic successes, the disruptive dominance of Pakistan-backed radical Islamist Forces has consolidated across progressively widening regions of Afghanistan. Kabul has little capacity to control these Forces, and will simply collapse in the face of sustained dilution of the Coalition presence. Unless current Coalition policies are dramatically reversed Afghanistan will inevitably pass into the control of an even more radicalized, violent and internationalised Islamist extremist order, than the one that prevailed before 9/11, even as a dramatically destabilized Pakistan feeds into the rising threat of transnational Islamist terrorism.

First published in the South Asia Intelligence Review (SAIR)

1/8/2011 The kidnapping of French hostages in Niger (September 2010) and the death of Bin Laden

Shaul Shay

On May 2, 2011 American special forces killed Osama bin Laden in his hideout in Pakistan but the war of France against Al Qaeda and mainly its branch in North Africa (AQIM) is not over. France joined other allies of the United States in hailing the death of Osama bin Laden but its relief at the terrorist's death was mixed with concern for French hostages held by al-Qaeda and other radical Islamic organizations.

27/7/2011 Terrorist Incidents Against Jewish Communities and Israeli Citizens Abroad, 1968–2010

Community Security Trust

First published on the CST Blog

A new report from CST, Terrorist Incidents Against Jewish Communities and Israeli Citizens Abroad, 1968–2010, lists 427 successful terrorist attacks and foiled or aborted terrorist plots, directed against Jewish or Israeli targets in 57 countries outside Israel, since 1968. The first edition of this book, which was published in 2003 by CST and the Institute for Counter-Terrorism in Herzliya, Israel, was the first time that this history of post-1967 anti-Jewish terrorism had been comprehensively collated. This edition, published solely by CST, includes an updated chronology of attacks, an expanded analysis and new statistical tables. It provides an invaluable aid to Jewish security professionals and volunteers, law enforcement agencies, governments, academics and others interested in the study of terrorism, antisemitism, political and religious extremism and the terrorist threat to Jewish Diaspora communities.

26/7/2011 Trans-European Trends in Right Wing Extremism

Michael Whine

Trans-European Trends in Right Wing Extremism, a new paper by CST’s Director of Government and International Affairs Michael Whine, is now available to download in full here. The paper will appear as a chapter in a forthcoming book, a forthcoming book, Mapping the Extreme Right in Contemporary Europe (Berghahn Books) due to be published later this year.

This chapter examines the effects that the easing of Europe’s borders and the development of information and communications technologies are having on the outlook and activities of right-wing extremists. It will argue that these developments are the new ‘enablers’ allowing white supremacists and neo-Nazis to connect and move closer to the cooperation that earlier extremists argued for, but failed to accomplish. Of course right-wing extremists are not the only political activists who benefit. The extreme left has always been internationalist, and anti-globalization protestors communicated and organized across borders to stage demonstrations and riots in Gothenburg (2000), Genoa (2001) and elsewhere. The extreme right, however, has not, and attempts to create enduring international collaboration have been less successful.

The chapter’s focus is on white supremacists, neo-Nazi groups and the youth cultures they frequently recruit from, rather than parties, although there may be links between them. Their lifestyles are a consequence of easier movement and the adoption of contemporary cultures, most notably music and clothing. A trend towards focused terrorist violence is also emerging.

26/7/2011 Anders Behring Breivik’s political platform

Dave Rich

First published in the CST Blog

When Anders Behring Breivik set out to commit mass murder last Friday, he left behind a huge amount of material explaining his motivations, intentions and preparations: mainly in the form of a 1,516-page written manifesto and a 12 minute video. There is something very unpleasant about poring over Breivik’s political testimony, knowing that this is precisely what he wants everybody to be doing; but nonetheless, it contains important pointers to his motivations and the new kind of far right politics he represents.

The manifesto covers a huge amount of ground. Titled 2083: A European Declaration of Independence, it is designed as a handbook for what Breivik believes will be a European civil war between the “cultural Marxists” who currently control Europe, and the “cultural conservatives” like himself who will overthrow them. This war, he believes, began in 1999 and will end in 2083. The manifesto is written in English, under an English-pseudonym (Andrew Berwick of London), and has a particular focus on the United Kingdom and France as key countries for his struggle.

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