Kenya sent troops into Somalia in late 2011, after accusing al-Shabaab of killing and abducting tourists and aid workers. The military defeat of al-Shabaab in Somalia forced al-Shabaab to retreat back into society and to re-establish itself as a guerrilla and terror force able to strike back in the region.
In June 2014, at least 65 people died in a terror campaign in Kenya. The last attacks in Mpeketoni and the nearby village were the most deadly attacks in Kenya since September 2013, when at least 67 people were killed during a siege by al-Shabaab fighters at Nairobi's Westgate shopping Centre.
The government of Kenya has been criticized by the local opposition party for their apparent weaknesses in the face of attacks that many believe were orchestrated by al-Shabaab.
On June 19, 2014, Israeli Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman arrived in Nairobi, Kenya. Lieberman said that Israel was ready to help Kenya and other African nations to fight terrorism. "Israel condemns terrorism in Africa and elsewhere; we are ready to assist Africa with everything we can".