Using both empirical and theoretical frameworks, the purpose of Islamic-Radicalization-in-the-State-of-Maine is to assess the threat of Islamic radicalization in the state of Maine. The first section of this report discusses Muslim demographics both in the United States in general and in Maine in particular. Within Maine, this work will focus on Maine’s largest Muslim demographic: the Somali refugee community.
The paper provides a literature review on radicalization to violent extremism, favoring individual-based models of radicalization over the oft-cited Phase Model. It then explores potential risk factors that could render Maine’s Muslim community vulnerable to radicalization. The research concludes there is not a high risk of Islamic radicalization in the state of Maine.
While this report determines that Maine is not under significant threat of terror, it is careful not to conflate “low risk” with “no risk.” Maine residents are not immune to radicalization, and scholars of Western extremism should continue to monitor Maine’s vulnerable areas and populations.