ATbar The Middle East, Iraq, Palestine - Arenas for Radical and Anti-Globalization Groups Activity
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The Middle East, Iraq, Palestine - Arenas for Radical and Anti-Globalization Groups Activity

26/07/2005 | by Karmon, Ely (Dr.)  

This paper was presented at the NATO Workshop On Terrorism and Communications - Countering the Terrorist Information Cycle, Slovakia, April 2005.


To understand the strategic choices of the radical groups and movements active in the global arena we have to look back to the model of the 1970s and 1978s. The actors during these periods chose a geographical area of conflict as the main rallying point for solidarity, cooperation and coalition building: the United States' war in Vietnam and the mainly terrorist struggle of the Palestinians against Israel (mainly through terrorist means). Revolutionary leftist organizations, nationalist groups and even radical rightist ones vilified and sometimes attacked US, Western countries and NATO for their war in Vietnam and supported the Palestinians in their fight against Israel.[1]

In the 1990s, the collapse of Yugoslavia and the resulting ethnic wars and conflicts in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, and later in Kosovo, rallied radical leftists behind Communist Serbia,[2]while Islamists volunteers supported the Bosnian Muslims and were able thus to establish themselves in European agendas.[3]Islamists also supported the Chechens in the war against Russia, mainly through the Arab volunteer legion.[4]

The solidarity, support and cooperation between the various groups and organizations between themselves and with the 'victims', was expressed through a flow of propaganda and information activity: demonstrations and flyers, conferences and seminars, website and publications.

The same pattern has started again since the US led coalition has waged "War on Terrorism" following September 11, 2001 and more so since the invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq. The Palestinian issue has re-emerged with force since the collapse in October 2000 of the peace-process, to which radical Islamists factions and their radical leftist and rightist supporters were in any case strongly opposed. The violent Second Intifada was then launched concurrently by all Palestinian political movements and terrorist groups.

Main players

The main players opposing or fighting the US, the coalition countries, Israel, and NATO belong to several ideological trends:

  • Radical Leftist Groups
  • Anti-globalization and radical single issue groups (social-welfare, ecology, human rights, immigration, racism)
  • Anarchists, who are potentially some of the most dangerous because they could pass from diffuse violence to terrorism
  • Radical Rightist groups[5]

Paradoxically, at least superficially, these disparate groups seem increasingly to be cooperating and supporting each other as is particularly evident from the levels of propaganda activity and extremist Internet use.[6]But as the American movie actor Clint Eastwood wryly observed: 'Extremism is so easy - when you go far enough to the right, you meet the same idiots coming around from the left.'[7]

Rationale for cooperation

The Islamists declared a struggle of civilization and religion on the Judeo-Christian world in the name of the 'dispossessed' of the rest of the planet. The Sunni radical groups developed 'a culture of global jihad' which 'reflects the solidarity of variety of movements, groups, and sometimes ad hocgroupings or cells, which act under a kind of ideological umbrella of radical interpretations of Islam'.[8]

These interpretations stem mainly from developments in the Arab world since the early 1960s: difficulties for both individuals and societies in coping with Western modernization and its values; the failure of revolutionary movements to attain victory and the failure of Arab nationalism to solve the problems of Arab societies; growing transnational links among different parts of the Muslim world as a result of improved technology, mainly communications; the collapse of the Soviet bloc and communist ideology; and a series of conflicts which seemed to pit Muslims against non-Muslims in Bosnia, Albania, Kosovo, Palestine, Chechnya, the Philippines, Afghanistan, Indonesia and Kashmir.

These factors helped create a closer solidarity between various scholars, groups, and sympathizers of frustrated Islamic elements based upon deep hatred of a common enemy. Global jihad in recent years reflected solidarity based upon narrow-minded interpretations of limited Islamic principles, and perceived confrontation with a Western global conspiracy.[9]

The radical leftists reject the underlying socio-economic structure of contemporary capitalism and its values and practices and advocate alternative economic and power structures involving a major redistribution of resources from the existing political elites. This left is internationalist, both in terms of its search for cross-national networking and solidarity, and in its assertion that national and regional socio-political issues have global structural causes (such as 'imperialism' or 'globalization'). In the radical left subcultures, a profusion of 'new fringe' groups is emerging and mobilizing, and these have also been the most prominent international manifestations of a 'New Radical Left' through umbrella movements, many anti-globalization causes célèbres, and, increasingly through the Internet.[10]

The rightist radicals. The denunciation of 'imperialist' American wars against Iraq has become, since 1990, one of the leitmotifs of the anti-Zionist extreme right, in this position becoming linked with organizations of the extreme left. The ideological pro-Iraqi line which almost all of the extreme right in Europe adopted has been shown by a series of demonstrations denouncing 'American imperialism,' as well as by visits of solidarity to Baghdad.

A French researcher in geo-politics, Alexandre del Valle, has thoroughly analyzed the growing solidarity and cooperation between these various ideological trends and qualified it as the Red-Green-Brown Axis (the Red of the extreme left, the Brown of the extreme right, and the Green of Islamism). He rightly remarks that the 'objective alliances among these three ideologies...did not begin just yesterday. But it is undeniable that the events since the beginning of the new millennium have contributed particularly to their collusion.'[11]

A radical rightist anarchist website explains the rationale of this pragmatic approach:

'Unity around simple, achievable strategies and objectives pushes preoccupation with theoretical niceties aside and focuses on areas where anti-Establishment activists from different backgrounds can work together in a rewarding way. If two people or groups from very different theoretical backgrounds can co-operate to achieve a goal that is useful to both of them, this increases the resource base of both groups and widens the armoury of strategies open to each.'[12]

The triggers to the new radical 'axis'

The Palestinian violent intifada(October 2000) returned the Israeli-Palestinian conflict to the fore and the anti-Israeli/anti-American campaign blossomed after years of relative calm during the on-going Oslo process. Anti-Zionism, anti-Semitism and Holocaust denial, seeking to de-legitimize the State of Israel, have become common propaganda ground not only for the radical right and the newly acquired Islamists to this themes, but also for a great part of the radical left, which has passed from political anti-Zionism to racist anti-Semitism.

The September 11, 2001 attacks provoked mainly shock and a period of reevaluation for the anti-globalization movement and also for most of the nationalist terrorist organizations and radical rightist groups.[13]

The war in Afghanistan found most of the leftist and rightist groups still unprepared and disoriented and even the Islamists were on the defensive for almost a year, until the Bali, Indonesia massacre of October 2002.[14]

The war in Iraq finally provoked the vast campaign of anti-Americanism in the Western world, including against all US-allies (UK, Italy, Spain, Poland, Norway, S.Korea, etc) and Israel. 'Mesmerized by the collapse of the Twin Towers - a terrible illustration of the power of radical Islamism - , the Third Worldist and anti-imperialist ideologues of the extreme left, along with other "counter-globalists", had been the most vehement to castigate the American intervention in Afghanistan. These were the ones again who, one year later, organized the most virulent "pacifist" displays against the intervention in Iraq, displays equally conducted in the name of the "victims of Zionism".'[15]

With the passing of time, the figure of Osama bin Laden confirmed the leadership of revolutionary Islamism, which exerts a real fascination upon the ideologies defeated by history (Nazism and Communism). The radical leftists and rightists recognize that 'in the marketplace of global revolution, the Islamists and the Arab-Muslim "mujahideen" in general [be they the Lebanese Hizballah, Palestinian Hamas, or the al Qaeda combatants] are the most effective and ferocious adversaries of "Israeli-American imperialism"…the ones who are inflicting the most damage on the "colonialist" and "capitalist" powers.'[16]

The Internet as fighting arena

In 1998, around half of the thirty organizations designated as 'Foreign Terrorist Organizations' under the U.S. Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 maintained websites; by 2000, virtually all terrorist groups had established their presence on the Internetwithhundreds of websites serving terrorists and their supporters. Despite this growing terrorist presence, policymakers, journalists, and academics have focused on the threat posed by cyberterrorism and largely ignored the numerous uses that terrorists make of the Internet every day, especially for propaganda, incitement and recruitment.[17]

Today thousands of website are active on the web and Islamist sites and discussion forums have possibly taken the lead, as the Internet has become the preferred but also the most accessible and secure area for them.

This paper presents only some significant examples of website belonging to a large spectrum of active radical movements and groups on the Internet, mainly in the Western world and in European languages, although they give only a partial picture of this complex reality. The main intention is to show how all the players use the present conflicts for common slogans, activities and cooperation, as described above.

Anti-War Websites

International Action Center

The International Action Center (IAC), the largest antiwar movement in the United States founded by Ramsey Clark, former U.S. Attorney General, a vocal critic of U.S. military actions around the globe, owns this large website. It supports "Information, Activism, and Resistance to U.S. Militarism, War, and Corporate Greed, Linking with Struggles Against Racism and Oppression within the United States."

Although many international themes are present on the site, the main accent is on Iraq antiwar actions, international anti-war actions, Palestinian resistance, and…the Milosevici imprisonment. Clark's dedication to defending unpopular, and even hated, figures has also led him to represent such clients as war criminal Slobodan Milosevici, Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic and far-right extremist Lyndon LaRouche.

Among the many leftists links it recommends are the websites of the Colombian terrorist organizations

United for Peace and Justice

United for Peace and Justice (UFPJ) is a coalition of more than 800 local and national groups throughout the United States who have joined together to oppose 'US government's policy of permanent warfare and empire-building.' UFPJ seeks to strengthen alliances and working relationships with other forces in the antiwar movement, as well as the movements for global economic, environmental and social justice. It supports cooperation with sister organizations around the world, and solidarity with progressive groups and individuals within the United States and the nations occupied by U.S. forces. While the campaign against the war in Iraq is the main issue, there is also an important Palestine campaign. The site proposes a series of 'Activist Toolkits' for the members of the network. It has links to hundreds of similar organizations worldwide.

Anti-Globalization Websites

Tactical Media Crew

Was born to introduce in the Internet many social realities, starting from what is usually called the radical-Autonomous Movement. It would like also to transform the communication/information in the movement in Italy.'

It is an Italian site, but multilingual (English, German, French, Spanish and Portuguese). The central topic is Palestine, with a very comprehensive graphic section. There is also a special section on Chiapas, Mexico and the activities of the Esercito Zapatista di Liberazione Nazionale (EZLN).

It specializes in a project called Tactical media and Tactical media networking in order to advance the capabilities of the radical activists in this important area. It wants 'to conduct battles with the same weapons of the enemy' as it identifies 'more and more fragile parts of the modern capitalism or…its fragile structures' in the field of information.

It has a section 'Kill a Multi' which presents a list of US and other multi-national companies, from McDonalds to Coca-Cola and from Ikea to Shell. Although it apparently proposes only to boycott these companies, actually there is incitement to attack these targets, under the opening slogan 'Nothing Ever Burns Down By Itself - Every Fire Needs A Little Bit Of Help.'

The internationalist section has links to websites of terrorist organizations: the Kurdish PKK, Colombian FARC and ELN, Peruvain MRTA and others. The hundreds of other links lead to many groups according to their main topic (anti-militarism, radical media, anarchism, hacking, etc.).

The Independent Media Center

Indymedia is a network of collectively run media outlets for the creation of radical, accurate, and passionate tellings of the truth. We work out of a love and inspiration for people who continue to work for a better world, despite corporate media's distortions and unwillingness to cover the efforts to free humanity.' It is a multi-lingual (seven European languages, including Greek) networked website involving dozens of countries from all the continents.

It has permanent sections dealing with 'resistance' and 'dissent' to G8 meetings, provides detailed updated and in advance information about major events and the protests against them; mots-d'ordre and advice for actions and links to hundreds of groups involved in this activities and the alternative media support (Internet, radio, journalists, etc.).

The site has a permanent coverage of Israel and Palestine in the framework of activities in support for the Palestinians. The leftist Beirut activists of IMC are the most active in the Middle East section.

The Italian Indymedia section entitled Guerreglobali includes sub-sections on Iraq, Stop the wall (Palestine), Dossier Euskadi (the activities in the Basque country) and much information on the EZLN in Chiapas, Mexico.

Focus on the Global South

'Focus on the Global South is a program of development policy research, analysis and action engaged in research, analysis, advocacy and grassroots capacity building on critical issues. Founded in 1995 and attached to the Chulalongkorn University Social Research Institute (CUSRI) in Bangkok, Thailand. Focus was founded, the same year the World Trade Organization came into existence. At that time, the system of corporate-driven globalisation was at its apogee. Focus's program and structure reflected the priorities of a people's movement that was facing a steep uphill struggle as it grappled with the impact of globalisation on the daily lives and struggles of the poor and marginalized people in the South.'

Besides the economic aspects of the anti-globalization activism, the website is much involved in Antiwar action, especially the war in Iraq. Interestingly, this NGO has been behind the Beirut 'International Strategy Meeting' in Beirut under the title 'Where Next for the Global Anti-War and Anti-Globalization Movements?' (see bellow).

Actions against Globalization

This website is dedicated to inform the anti-globalization movements and groups about future events of interest (until 2006) and the ways to act against them in a coordinated manner.

Arab, Islamist and Palestinian Websites

Haksoz - Turkish Islamist Website

Haksoz is a Turkish-language jihadist site, located at which extols martyrdom, urges resistance against the occupation in Iraq and the Palestinian territories, and depicts scenes of torture in Iraq. It carries pictures of deceased HAMAS leaders Shaykh Ahmad Yasin and Abd-al-Aziz al-Rantisi, head of the HAMAS military wing leader Muhammad al-Dayf, Lebanese Hizballah leader Hasan Nasrallah, and Palestinian Islamic Jihad leader Ramadan Abdallah Shallah above its banner. Inscriptions saying 'Toward the Light of the Koran' and 'The Martyrs Illuminate Our Road' appear with the photos.[18]

Most of the items on the site are reprinted from other Turkish sources, especially Islamist dailies such as Vakit, Zaman, and Yeni Safak. Reports on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict are mostly attributed to AksaHaber (AqsaNews), another jihadist/Islamist website concentrating on Palestinian issues.

A report criticizes Turkish police for allegedly beating anti-NATO demonstrators in Istanbul and cites the platforms of various anti-US and anti-NATO Turkish nongovernmental organizations and marginal political parties. A report describes the detention of some anti-NATO demonstrators as the continuation of the "terror of NATO," while another report, attributed to Vakit, analyses the NATO summit under the title of the 'First Step Toward the Greater Middle East Project.' The website carries a 'No to NATO' logo.[19]

The website has published several interesting texts on the necessity of solidarity of Islamists with the anti-globalization movement and coined the term 'Global Intifadah'for the proposed alliance of global 'Opposition Forces.' (see Annex I).

The Arab European League

AEL has as main reason of existence to promote and defend the interests of the Arab and Islamic immigrant communities in Europe; the interests of the Arab and Islamic world. Our main aim is to strengthen our community and our people, and to have a positive interaction with others based upon mutual respect and tolerance.'

Its site attacks Arab regimes (for instance president Mubarak of Egypt) and even Yasser Arafat (for his position on the Jewish character of Israel, considered 'a concession to racism'). It seems to be balancing between pan-Arabism and Islamism.

As an Arab Shatat (Diaspora) it claims to belong to the Arab Nation while being law abiding citizens of Europe. It asks the right to foster Arab cultural identity while engaging actively as European citizens in the countries of residence, with equal rights and treatment. It strives to promote and restore the Arab language as a spoken lingua franca between Arabs all across Europe and to establish structural ties between the Arab Diaspora in Europe in order to form one community all across the continent. It will fight every form of racism and especially Islamophobia.

The Alternative Information Center

The AIC is a Palestinian-Israeli organization which disseminates information, research and political analysis on Palestinian and Israeli societies as well as the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, while promoting cooperation between Palestinians and Israelis based on the values of social justice, solidarity and community involvement. It offers a critical discussion of the political realities since the Oslo Accords with special attention given to radical democratic struggles, the colonial nature of the State of Israel, and the authoritarian features of the Palestinian Authority.'

Warning signs of ideological cooperation

The radical left

The famous 'Red terrorist' Carlos recommends taking up the fight of al Qaeda and Hamas and embraces a 'revolutionary Islamism destined to sweep the world [and] realizes the dynamic synthesis of different currents (the anti-colonialist, anti-imperialist and anti-Zionist struggle) and draws for its models of action upon socialism, Marxism and nationalism.' For Carlos, 'Islam has acquired an irreversible political and revolutionary dimension which, since the dissolution of the Socialist camp, has become the principal force of active transformation for societies and for the anti-imperialist struggle.'[20]

The Italian Red Brigades, under the new names of Partito Comunista Combattente (BR-PCC) and Nuclei Territoriali Anti-imperialisti (NTA), appealed to revolutionaries of the entire world to join Islamist terrorism, saluting 'the heroic action of al Qaeda against American imperialism.' In a document of March of 2003 which claims responsibility for the assassination of the advisor to the Minister of Labor Massimo D'Antona, Nadia Desdemona Lioce, one of the brains of the organization, invites the 'Arab and Islamic masses…expropriated and humiliated, natural allies of the metropolitan proletarian' to 'take up arms at the heart of a unique and international axis at the side of the anti-imperialist Front Combattant in the face of a new offensive by bourgeois government' Lioce sees in 'the Zionisto-American aggression against Iraq…an imperialist will to cut down the principal obstacle to the Zionist hegemony' and 'to annihilate the Palestinian resistance.' The Red Brigades have appealed during the war against the regime of Saddam, to 'counter by all means the Israeli-Anglo-American aims.'[21]

The radical right

The leader of the English neo-Nazi movement, David Myatt (now Abdul Aziz ibn Myatt) appeals to all enemies of the Zionists to embrace the Jihad, the 'true martial religion' which will most effectively fight against the Jews and the Americans. Alain de Benoist, European extreme right leader (Groupe de Réflexion et d'Études sur la Civilisation Européenne - GRECE), on the beginning of the war in Iraq considers 'every act of reprisal in the world aimed against American interests as well as American military, political, diplomatic and administrative personnel, wherever it occurs, in whatever scope it represents, by whatever means and circumstances … both legitimate and necessary.'[22]

The anti-globalization movement

The events of September 11 stunned the progressive movement in the United States. The International Action Center, a new, young movement had just grown up worldwide against the capitalist globalization. IAC had planned a demonstration September 29 in Washington at the White House as part of the demonstrations against the World Bank and International Monetary Fund. It decided to turn it into a demonstration against the coming war and formed a coalition called A.N.S.W.E.R. (Act Now to Stop War and End Racism).[23]There was much international solidarity with its call, from anti-war groups in Spain, in Germany, in India, in Greece, in Italy, and actions took place from Britain to South Africa, from Japan to Argentina and Chile. Their demands: End the sanctions against Iraq! Stop supporting the Israeli state against the Palestinians! U.S. out of the Middle East! Profound solidarity with the people of Afghanistan!

The anti-globalization movement discovered anti-Zionism and seems to divert its attention from 'globalization' or 'capitalism' to Israel and Palestine. In Italy, the Walhalla of the movement, activists lead the way. Leading Italian anti-globalization organizations such as Ya Basta on March 1, 2002 called for a boycott of Israeli products. Eight days later some 100.000 anti-globalization activists demonstrated in Rome 'to support the Intifada.' When the demonstration was guided around the Jewish quarters one could here a lot of curses against 'the Jews.' In November 2002 during the large anti-globalization conference European Social Forum (ESF) in Florence, Palestine was again a central topic. Many of the 1.000.000 activists which participated in the ESF anti-war demonstrations turned against Israel's right of existence.

In the Netherlands the Trotskyite International Socialists (IS) recently started courting the anti-Zionist Arab European League (AEL).The League presents Arab nationalism as the only solution for all problems immigrants have to face in Europe. The AEL published 'an open letter' claiming it is by definition an anti-globalization movement. 'The Arab nation and the Muslim community (Umma) have since 1991 been the spearhead of the struggle against the violence of the globalization [and} the anti-globalization movement should link up to these resisting nations.'[24]

The Pan-Arab Anti Globalization Gathering (PAAG) as well as the Lebanese NGO Anti-Globalization Gathering (LNGO/AGG) were established in Beirut in October 2001. The PAAGG is gathering personalities and activists from various Arab countries and of different political, social and cultural backgrounds. The gathering aims to monitor and draw public attention to the current hazards of globalization throughout the Arab countries and to mobilize and play a catalyst role for actions aiming to resist the current globalization policies within the region as well as globally in cooperation with other AG groups and movements. Some Arab stakeholders, held a series of meetings on the occasion of the WTO Conference in Qatar in November 2001 with the aim to mobilize and encourage all social categories to launch a grassroots anti-globalization movement starting with an "Arab International Anti-Globalization Forum.[25]

Can ideological solidarity translate to operational cooperation?

According to the Turkish Islamist website Haksoz, 'the first experimental cooperation between Muslims and the other opponents to the system on anti-USA and anti-war protests occurred in England and in Turkey. The 'Intıfadah' concept which expresses the Palestine struggle and which was taken as agenda to the World Social Forum's second meeting in 2002, became the slogan of the Muslims in the common protest meetings. Muslims in Turkey in Istanbul, Ankara and Izmir used the slogan 'Long Live Global Intifadah!' at meetings with the other opposition forces (See the full text of the article as Annex I).[26]

On September 17-19, 2004, activists held an 'International Strategy Meeting' in Beirut under the title 'Where Next for the Global Anti-War and Anti-Globalization Movements?' The Beirut conference emerged from a process that began at a May 2003 antiwar conference in Jakarta and continued at an antiwar assembly at the Mumbai World Social Forum in January 2004. The main conveners included Focus on the Global South (Thailand), and the Civilian Campaign for Protection of Palestinian People (France). The rest of the working group that organized the conference hailed from Argentina, South Africa, Japan, France, Nicaragua, India, the Philippines, Italy, Brazil, Greece, the United Kingdom, and the United States, reflecting the broadly international and south-weighted character of the initiative. Some 300 individuals from 50 countries participated in the conference, representing various antiwar coalitions, social movements, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), and other groups. Participation from Africa and North America was generally weak, however.[27]

The Arab sponsors included 'progressives, seculars, and Islamist' such as Hizballah, the Lebanese Communist Party, and the Progressive Socialist Party of Druze leader Walid Jumblatt. Joining them were activists from Syria, Egypt, and Morocco, and Palestinian areas as well as a delegation of Iraqis. The decision to hold the meeting in the Middle East was part of a conscious effort to build closer links with antiwar and anti-corporate globalization activists in the region.

Hizballah was described at the conference as 'one of the leading welcoming organizations [and] an example of successful, targeted, and organized resistance.' Ali Fayad, member of Hizballah's Central Council stressed that the conference was held in Beirut because Lebanon's resistance 'defeated the Reagan project for the Middle East in the 1980s . . . [and] liberated the land from occupation.' The conference hosted some interesting debates about suicide bombing and the relative importance of local versus Middle Eastern struggles.

Walden Bello, executive director of Focus on the Global South, practically supported the use of suicide as a political weapon, arguing for broad support for resistance in Iraq and Palestinian areas without interference in the outcome of national liberation struggles. His position was reinforced by other delegates who argued that it was up to the people of Iraq to choose, according to the limited means available to them in their tremendously difficult situation, how they should fight the occupation of their country.

Those involved in frontline struggles for the basic rights of refugees, women, migrant workers, detainees, and homosexuals in the Middle East expressed their frustration at having been told, for years, that their efforts must take second place to the movement against U.S. imperialism and Israel. Yet, delegates from other parts of the world called for an approach of 'localising the struggle, globalising the intifada.' The baseline assumption of the conference was the need to give global priority to the struggles in Iraq and by the Palestinians in international solidarity work. because as one delegate put it, they are 'fighting for the rest of us on the frontline of the global war; thus they should be garnering our priority support as a matter of strategy.'

The final declaration of the conference stressed the need to 'support the right of the people of Iraq and the Palestinian territories to resist the occupations,' called for the unconditional withdrawal of coalition forces from Iraq, and demanded an end to the Israeli occupation of Palestine, 'the dismantlement of the Apartheid Wall and all settlements' and the release of all Palestinian and Iraqi political prisoners. It even saluted 'the Lebanese resistance (Hizbullah) that inspires us the world over.' The statement also promised to build solidarity through common campaigns and a 'positive dynamic of dialogue' (See the final declaration in Annex III).

The Beirut forum came ahead of a planned October 1-3, 2004 Islamic conference in Berlin, which organizers billed as supporting 'the struggle against the American-Zionist hegemony and occupation' in Iraq and the Palestinian territories. German authorities blocked the conference and deported a Lebanese organizer of the event.

On the background of 'shock and anger at what many see as the message of the Nov. 2, 2004 elections in the US: the consolidation of an electoral power base in the US, from which the Republican Right can rule for the foreseeable future,' the World Social Forum (WSF) convened a Global Anti-War Assembly in Porto Alegre, Brazil, on January 26-31, 2005. 'Frustration was mixed with a sense of challenge for many. How to coordinate more effectively across borders? How to bring the resistance to the war from demonstrations to massive civil disobedience? How to connect the global peace movement more organically with civil society in the Middle East, which promises to be the strategic battleground in the next few years? How to hook up local struggles with the broader struggles in Iraq and Palestine?' The hope of many was 'that the peace movement will emerge from Porto Alegre less spontaneous and more organized.'[28]


In light of the above it seems that at least some important elements of the anti-globalization movement, which incorporate a wide range of disparate groups and interests now seem willing to seek solidarity and cooperation with radical Islamist organizations and to accept their use of suicide terrorism. It is therefore necessary to monitor and analyze in real time and in depth the development of these ties and the new strategies that radical leftist, rightist and Islamist movements and groups are trying to implement in their fight against the West, NATO, the US, Israel and all those countries and regimes considered to be common enemies.

Annex I

Globalize Resistance Against Globalizing Oppression:

Long Live Global Intifadah

What Kind of a World Are We Living In?

Today's World political and social system is based on exploitation. Exploitation realized by some classes on the others and by some countries on the others, by some people on the other. They call this "system of opportunities", say it truly "the system of oppression chain". Today is the same as our God Allah explained it:

"Truly Pharaoh elated himself in the land and broke up its people into sections, depressing a small group among them: their sons he slew, but he kept alive their females: for he was indeed a maker of mischief. And We wished to be Gracious to those who were being depressed in the land, to make them leaders (in Faith) and make them heirs, To establish a firm place for them in the land, and to show Pharaoh, Haman, and their hosts, at their hands, the very things against which they were taking precautions." Koran- 28/4-6

Resisting to this oppression system is a matter of defending humanity honor and turning back to our innateness human nature. Resistance against this unequal system is an inevitable historic responsibility!

Who we are?

Our god call us "Muslims" in his message. There is objections, oppositions and resistance throughout the whole Islamic world against capitalist hegemony. We are resisting to the empire in the name of Allah, in the name of equality and justice.

At the end of the 19th century all the Islamic world was being colonialised by imperialism and they get the Qur'an from our hands and our hearts. The rest was not so difficult! But today Muslims are turning back their virtue and light source Qur'an and enlightening by our creator Allah's verses. Muslim Ummah/Nation is awakening from its deep sleep and again becoming the witnesses of the truth and the justice. Muslim Ummah is resisting against the Empire. In Turkey also we are objecting and opposing to the imperialist powers and their local collaborators.

What We Want?

We want an equal World for everyone. We want a world in which nobody is dying because of starvation. We want a world not any state oppress and threat the other. We want to stop the alienation of the mankind to the nature, to himself and to his creator. We believe that if we resist and stand only to our creator Allah, we can beat this oppression system and we very know that another world is possible! Because our creator Allah wishes to be Gracious to those who were being oppressed in the land, to make them leaders and make them heirs and to establish a firm place for them in the land, and to show today's imperialists Pharaoh, today's economic oppressors Haman, and their hosts, at their hands, the very things against which they were taking precautions.


We want money and wealth does not be a value that walk around the rich persons. Today's economic system is build on exploitation of some classes on the others and some persons on the others. Economy must be build on not exploitation but on social solidarity. We demand equal opportunity for work for everyone and equal income for the same work. Such a bigger wealth as today never been created throughout the history, despite this such many people never died from starvation throughout the history! This is unacceptable. We ware aiming to beat the economic alienation.


Today culture is being shaped by advertising agencies. Capitalist culture is based on only maximizing corporate profits, we are being raped by temporary pop- images.. Cultural imperialism treat all other cultures as nonexistent and assume that the only civilized and valuable culture is it. We see this cultural pluralism we see the attacks on Islamic headscarf. Culture and race are all the verses of this World. Different cultures are not a reason for being enemy but an opportunity to know and accept each others. Cultural assimilation and degeneration policies are unacceptable! Neo-racism is using the language of that sees cultural differences as a matter of conflict. We must object against neo-racist policies!


Todays politics is based on corruption and self-interests. US sampled two-party democracy is being shown as an ideal and stabilize democracy. Today's system parties are all in the bog of corruption. The only way to object this dirty system is objecting the whole capitalist exploitation system. Politics must be done for the interests of the people. Politics is art of understanding the wisdom of the relations between the nature and the humanity and among the humans. Thus clean and opposition politics is the way for getting out of this oppression system.


The strongest state of the history is in the hands of a few private corporation. For their interest they declare wars for oil, they can pollute the air and the surface without any regret. They build monopolies and they use the whole Earth sources as their will. We believe that this World is entrusted to the humanity by our creater Allah and we must protect it for the next generations. But today's capitalist hegemony is corrupting the soil and also the generations. So we must beat him for saving the World nature and the world population!


Today international relations is based on imperialism and covered colonialism. As we see in the occupation of Iraq by the US and the occupation of Palestine by Nazionist's sometimes even system attend to direct colonialism also. The gaining of the international community against the USA based hegemony, the international institutions are has been made powerless consciously by the US. Today we live the times of "the right is who has power". US as the strongest "rogue state" of the world history act all the other states and peoples as his interests, otherwise threat them with direct or indirect occupation. Other secondary imperialist powers, Europe once managed to colonialised the whole world today behaves in the way of their imperialist sub-consciousness. But it is impossible to act out of the permission of the Great-Satan even for them. This is how today's international relations system works.

Global Intıfadah is the most clear opportunity to disclosure and to object against this system for decades. So we must build an international solidarity between opposition forces based on globalizing Intıfadah. This is the biggest opportunity for saving Colombia, for saving India, for saving Iraq, for saving America, for saving this World!



 Annex II

Global Intifadah:

Alliance Opportunity for The Opposition Forces

"Allah forbids you not, with regard to those who fight you not for (your) Faith nor drive you out of your homes, from dealing kindly and justly with them: for Allah loveth those who are just."

"Allah only forbids you, with regard to those who fight you for (your) Faith, and drive you out of your homes, and support (others) in driving you out, from turning to them (for friendship and protection). It is such as turn to them (in these circumstances), that do wrong."

(Qur'an-ı Qarim- 60/8-9)

Capitalism which was the inevitable result of the industrial revolution, was the opening out of the mentality of the exploitation and the accumulation of wealth.

Western Capitalism gone spreading out in 19th and 20th centuries in the name of carrying "the civilization" to the "the other" geographies and when we came to the 20th century in the claim of bringing "the democracy and freedoms". Whether yesterday it has been encouraged in "the other" geographies the nation-state structure which was forming markets for the industrial goods, today the doors of the national markets and local sources are opened to the global capitalism without any initiative as the national borders are being collapsed.

The propaganda in favor of the "civilization" of yesterday had created national states and make up modern national cultures. And today's insistence of "democracy and freedoms" is producing the global consumption and attitudes types which whet global capitalism's neo-liberal pillage's appetite, transform the national markets to the global markets.

The vacuum left by the its power rubbed out national borders and national authorities, is being to trying be redefined by the military power of the global capitalism, USA Empire and USA is undertaking the role of being the cop of the World. The internal conflicts and quarrels of Global capitalism are becoming clear right at this point, in other words it became clear in the taking shape process of the "new world order".

USA originated giant capital wants to clench its dominancy against all its global rivals on the fist hand against Germany and Japon, by benefiting most from the cop of the World role of the USA. After 1989 East and Middle European Revolutions and after the collapse of SSSR in 1991, USA has been wide spreading its domination on the Western world which was established by the World War II. By these developments USA got the opportunity for getting in many national markets and regions which were closed for him before.

And now USA despite making a coalition with global capitalist forces in the basis of alliance, see it inevitable and necessary to reduce all the other powers to assistants and secondary powers statue, moreover see this necessary for it's "Empire ship" statue's continuation.

Many academicians and national security specialists from USA are talking about USA is the most strongest empire of the human history stressing on that there has not been any state as so dominant in culture, economy, technology and military means as US is now. Professors from Harvard can even express their will without hesitating about The New World Order is/ must be shaped as the imperial interests of USA ordered. For an example in this context Robert Kagan express without any hesitate that "Empire is applying and accepting international law rules which ones are suitable for his interests like World Trade Organization but do not accept and try to eliminate which ones are not convenient to his interests like ones Kyoto Protocol and International Court of Justice.1

Nearly there is not any USA administrator or any single bureaucrat who don't claim and adopt the USA's Empire ship statue. The argument among the political sides in USA is intensifying on that whether the Empire will take care of his allies or not in his global sovereignty and how much care will be taken. USA whether use his power with coalition forces whether use it alone, today is in the position of the only boss of the global capitalism who reshapes today's one poled world. The signature belongs to USA on the capitalism brand which is the basic cause of the pollution of the air and the earth surface, of the poverty's becoming a mass problem, of the inidentification of the humanity and of the deepening of the exploitation and the occupation. USA is a post-modern Pharaoh Empire, which the other states whom wants to resemble and reach him and the other capitalist accumulation centers of the World both afraid of and both imitated to him. Consequently against the global besiege, the global resistance's first address for the reactions must be targeted to the USA.

Consistency of the Intifadah For Controling The Undiciplined Anger

The anger of the being impoverished world people is increasing day by day. The North as expressing the capitalist countries, consuming natural resources of the colonized South, destroying the agriculture and stockbreeding sectors of the South by WTO and IMF policies and worsening the fiscal balance of the South. In cultural area traditional cultural structures and codes are trying to be dissolved by Hollywood pronunciations and the impoverished masses living in the cities are growing to a very high rate. Social Income per Person is declining both in the North and in the South against the wide masses and in the favor of a little sovereign person of a few and their collaborators. The North with includes the African, Asian and South American people are getting more impoverished, more oppressed, becoming more indebted, and its identity is being destroyed by the global capitalism widens.

The anger of the exploited, impoverished people, the anger of the people that their identity and virtues have been insulted for centuries, has a potential of explosion despite there is no such a strong strategy and organized witness experiment is explored. And sometimes this anger might became turn into so destructive reactions like seen at 9/11. It is also possible to see the marks of this potential anger and revolts in the individual violence of the urban impoverished masses and in the pillage and theft events. The persons who are showing the anger to the Global Empire with some kind of more identified and organized ways are also candidates for creating new 9/11 events.

The anti-globalization movements which are arising from the North also shows that the opposition and objections from the inside are increasing. The activism unity between the old-leftists, the labour unions, the greens, the ethnic minorities who are being subjected to discrimination, the Southerners living inside the Northern world, and so recently some Islamic organizations and leaders have been realized after Porto Allegre World Social Forum. This activism unity expresses an objection that reached to the masses inside of the sovereign system and an understanding, a world perspective that says "Another World is Possible!".

The anger against the USA reached to the great masses by the planned anti-war protests against the occupation of Iraq, in all the Western countries and in some Southern countries also and at 15th February 2003 at the first time in the history of the humanity millions spilled to the streets and the squares at the same time together, at so many corners of the world.

On the geography where Muslims leave, the anger of the masses didn't suited to the same day with the protests occurred in Western countries both because of local administration's pressures and both because of the information and communication insufficiencies. But despite this from Jakarta to Cairo, from Tehran to Rabat, from Damascus to Sana'a millions of Muslims made repeatedly protests together with the other opponent identifications of their country's, condemning the USA widening and opposing USA's local collaborators.

The first experimental cooperation between Muslims and the other opponents to the system on anti-USA and anti-war protests occurred in England and in Turkey. The "Intıfadah" concept which expresses the Palestine struggle and which was taken to the World Social Forum's second meeting at 2002 to the agenda, was became the slogan of the Muslims in the cooperated protest meetings. Muslims in Turkey in Istanbul, Ankara and Izmit cities cried out and bring to the agenda the slogans "Long Live Global Intifadah!" and "Oppressed People are Prisoner, They are Under Fire, Long Live Global Intifadah!" at the cooperated meetings with the other opposition forces.

It might not be understood yet in a detailed way and clearly the meaning of "Long Live Global Intifadah" by the opposition forces because it is not yet explained what exactly we mean. It also not yet thought over by Muslims and this words wisdom is not yet explored by Muslims clearly. On the days when the II. World Social Forum was preparing its agenda on the "Intifadah" concept and preparing for mass protests around the world for supporting the Aqsa Intıfadah's anniversary at 27-28 September 2003 date, some people in Turkey said that "Intifadah" concept is an only local agenda concept and it belongs to only some ideological sides. But that was not true at that days and it is not true today also! "Intifadah" is not a local problem and this concept worth much more for the peoples of the World. "Intifadah" witnessing expresses a resistance sample of the whole opposition forces jointly and together; of the Muslims, of the Christians, of the the leftists and socialists against the global empire, against USA and its pawn Israel's Zionist-imperialism. It is taking off from the Palestine specific but not be over there and represents the resistance decisiveness and determination of the whole world people. At the same time Intifadah -this not so much quantified but so much qualified struggle, shows a clear and ahead social-cultural and social-politic sample of how different opposition identities can cooperate and jointly resist. Intifadah shows us how in the same resistance so many different opposition identities can be able to tolerate among themselves, can be able to work together and with this still keep their ideological worries and differencies. It shows the way for the different identities and ideologies how to bring the resistance concept to the people's agenda, jointly with the other opposition forces.3

Intifadah is not just the name of a reaction felt against the occupation, the isolation and the impoverishing. Intifadah is not just a single nations attitude against the exploitation of the identities, against the belief and thought bans, against the destruction and massacre. In the same time Intifadah is a war of existence and self identification, against an insisted life style and a global besiege and it takes a clear support from Muslim and oppressed people of the world and from also opposition forces. All Intifadah resistance people aware of that he is not fighting only against Zionism but at the same time against capitalist imperialism which feeds and locates Zionism in the region and its champion USA empire. The resistant people of Quds and Palestine are at the same time the vanguards of an Intifadah model which has a capability to trig out a global change. And because of this at least for us, Muslims; Intifadah is our future which is necessary against USA hegemony.

The original usage meanings of "Intifadah" as a word in Lisanu'l Arab and Al-Mu'cemu'l Vasiyd dictionary encyclopedia's also faces out the relationship and attitude form which we all needs. According to these dictionaries "Intifadah" means:

a. The point of when all the properties and wealth run out and when the starvation and impoverishment come to its highest level.

b. Means to move, to budge and to be shaken.

c. It means to be purified from all kinds of dirts, wrong doings and sins; to became pure.

d. It is blessing, abundance, productiveness and prolificacy.

e. It means to read.

f. It means being scout and vanguard to the people who lost their way.

g. It means to clean away the homeland from the enemies, from the bandits, plunderers.

h. Means secure the ways and making it secure from the enemies.

i. The last ear of grain which come out when all the hopes come to an end.

j. (The other meanings…)4

As it seen Intifadah do not only carry a descriptional power for the cooperation of the system opponent powers on its practice witnessing, but at the same time it carries this meaning on its dictionary meaning also.

will go on..


1 Philip S. Golub, "Amerikan Imparatorluğu Gücünü Nereden Alıyor?"(From Where The American Empire Takes Its Power), Translated by: G. B. Çoşkun, There are so many news occurred in the media about USA Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld had hindered Nuclear Disarming SLAT II Agreement at Ford era(1973-1977).

2 The Palestine Struggle is stressed at the 5th article of the 2002 Porto Allegre World Social Forum Conclusion Announcement. Despite this at the Europe Social Forum's last Berlin Meeting and at the Asia-Pacific Social Forum's 22 May 2003 dated Jakarta Meeting one of the most important and most argued agenda had been 'what can be done at the second anniversary of the II. Intifadah'.

3 The leadership of the Intifadah which started as a struggle of people at December 8th 1987 especially with the active role of the Islamic Cihad movement, in a very short time became connected to the PLO based joined organization called "Intifadah Unity Leadership". But despite this unity and cooperation the groups still could be able to interpret Intifadah as their ideological approaches. (Elie Rekhes, "Gazze Şeridi'ndeki Islami Cihd Hareketine Iran Etkisi"(The Iranian Effect to the Islamic Jihad movement in the Gaza Strip) Translated by: Y. Ince, T. Temiz, Dunya ve Islam Dergisi(World and Islam Periodical),Issue:16, Autumn 1993, Istanbul); The Intidafah unity then with the joining of the HAMAS movement and the excluding of the Yasser Arafat line became a joint front which arises from ten different ideologies and identities; became the joint struggle of Islamic, Leftist, Christian and National all opposition organizations and associations. (From the Feature With Abu Musa, Haksoz Periodical, Issue: 34, January 1994, Istanbul) 4 From preface of Ahmed Varol, "Aksa Intifadasinin Kronolojisi"(The Chronology of al-Aqsa Intifadah), Al-Quds Periodical, Issue: 1, Spring, 2003.

Hamza Turkmen


Annex III

Anti War and Anti Globalization Assembly in Beirut


Declaration of an international strategy meeting of anti-war and anti-globalisation movements in Beirut, Lebanon on 17-19 September 2004

We are delegates from social movements, organizations, political parties, networks, and coalitions from 54 countries who are struggling for global peace and justice and who are committed to equality, solidarity, and diversity. We are from Latin America, North America, Asia and Pacific, Africa, the Middle East and Europe engaged in our own campaigns and struggles against militarization, globalization, nuclearisation, US bases and corporate globalization.

Gathered in Beirut at a critical moment in history, we welcome and celebrate this historic opportunity to deepen and strengthen our bonds with our friends and comrades in the Arab region. We reaffirm the principles of unity and plan of action articulated in the Jakarta Peace Consensus and commit to continue waging the struggle against the occupation of Iraq, Palestin e, corporate-led globalization, and dictatorships.

We express our solidarity with the people in the region fighting for democracy and social, economic, political and civil rights and who are suffering repression because of their opposition to dictatorship.

The Middle East is the strategic battleground of the US. Iraq and Palestine are the two critical focal points of aggression and resistance. The liberation of the Iraqi and Palestinian peoples is crucial to build global justice. Their struggles are ours.

* We support the right of the people of Iraq and Palestine to resist the occupations.

* We call for the unconditional withdrawal of US and ³coalition² forces from Iraq.

* We demand the end to the Israeli occupation of Palestine.

* We demand that the Right of Return be fulfilled. Until then, Palestinian refugees in the diaspora and internally displaced Palestinians need to be granted full economic, politi cal and social rights.

* We denounce the racist and colonial character of Zionism, Israel's State ideology.

* We demand the dismantlement of the Apartheid Wall and all settlements.

* We ask for the release of all Palestinian and Iraqi political prisoners.

In commemorating twenty-two years of the Lebanese people's resistance and the anniversary of the Sabra and Chatila massacre, we salute the Lebanese resistance which has inspired us the world over, and we express our solidarity with the continuing resistance in Southern Lebanon

We will build our solidarity through common campaigns and this positive dynamic of dialogue and common action must continue.


[1]See Ely Karmon, Coalitions of Terrorist Organizations. Revolutionaries, Nationalists, and Islamists(Martinus Nijhoff Publishers: Leiden, Boston, 2005), pp.71-2.

[2] See for instance radical leftist analyses of the problematic support for the parties involved in the Yugoslav conflict inSy Landy, ', 'The war in Serbia has unmasked the false revolutionaries and has shown the fundamental unity of the truly revolutionary groups,' International Review, No. 98 (3rd quarter 1999) at http://en. internationalism. org/ node/11 and Chris Kortright, 'Beyond Binary Support: neither international intervention nor local violence, but a species rights against capital,' An Anthropology of Resistance, at 

[3] See 'Bin Laden's Balkan Connections,' The Centre for Peace in the Balkans, September 2001, at; Scott Taylor, 'Bin Laden's Balkan connections: Al-Qaeda fighters have been quietly infiltrating the ranks of ethnic Albanian guerrilla forces in Macedonia Croatia, Bosnia and Kosovo for years' Ottawa Citizen, Dec. 15, 2001, at; and Marcia Christoff Kurop, Al Qaeda's Balkan Links, FrontPage Magazine, Nov. 2, 200, at 

[4] See Brian Glyn Williams, 'The "Chechen Arabs": An Introduction To The Real Al-Qaeda Terrorists From Chechnya,' Terrorism Monitor, Vol. 2, Issue 1 (January 15, 2004), at

[5]For instance in the 1970s and 1980s part of the Italian rightist terrorists and German radicals supported the Palestinians and even the Iranian Khomeinist regime; the Oklahoma City Federal Building bombing in 1995 was a clear act of terror by rightist elements against the democratic liberal system in the US.

[6] See Gabriel Weimann, ' How Modern Terrorism Uses the Internet,' United States Institute of Peace Reports, Special Report 116, March 2004 andDavid Talbot,'Terror's Server,', February 2005, at 

[7] Seen at 

[8] See draft article later published by Reuven Paz, 'Middle East Islamism in the European Arena,' MERIA Journal, Vol. 6, No. 3 (September 2002), at 

[9] Ibid.

[10] See Luke Marcha and Cas Mudde, 'What's Left of the Radical Left? The European Radical Left After 1989: Decline and Mutation,' Comparative European Politics, 2005, 3, (23-49).

[11] Alexandre del Valle, The Reds, The Browns and the Greens or The Convergence of Totalitarianisms, December 6, 2004 at 

[12] From 'Unity In Diversity. The Strategy of Divide Et Impera', at 

[13] See 'Anti-globalization movement quieted,' The Associated Press, October 17, 2001 and George Caffentzis, 'Anti-Globalization Movement Offers a Third Way,'

[14] See the debate on an anti-globalization site, 'L' Action Populaire Contre la Mondialisation (APCM): bilan du G8 à un débat à mener sur la violence,' 31 July 2003, at  and 'Derrière le mythe du "Black Bloc" un arrière-fond de manipulation politique,' 26 January 2004 at 

[15] See Alexandre del Valle, The Reds, The Browns and the Greens.

[16] Ibid.

[17] See Gabriel Weimann, How Modern Terrorism Uses the Internet.

[18] See 'Turkey Guide to Haksoz Jihadist Website,' Turkey - FBIS Media Aid in English, FBIS Document Number: FBIS-WEU-2004-0714, July 12, 2004.

[19] Some of the major links offered by Haksoz are:  Magazine on Palestinian issues  Free Thought and Educational Rights Society  Human Rights Association  Association for Human Rights and Solidarity With the Oppressed  Humanitarian Relief Foundation  Association for Women's Rights Against Discrimination  Association of Solidarity With the Families of Prisoners.

[20] See Carlos, L'Islam revolutionnaire (Editions du Rocher, 2003).

[21] See Alexandre del Valle, The Reds, The Browns and the Greens.

[22] Ibid.

[23] Impact of September 11 in the U.S.: talk given by John Catalinotto of the International Action Center to a public meeting organized by OSPAAAL-Spain, Madrid, November 23, 2001.

[24] Eric Krebbers, 'Is Zionism the new enemy of the anti-globalization movement?'De Fabel van de illegal,57, March/April 2003 , at 

[25] At 

[26] Global Intifadah: Alliance Opportunity for The Opposition Forces, at

[27] This paragraph is based on Ely Karmon,'Hizballah and the Antiglobalization Movement: A New Coalition?,' PolicyWatch No. 949,January 27, 2005, The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, at 

[28] Walden Bello, Less Euphoric, the World Social Forum Returns to Brazil, Jan 26, 2005, at