1 Hazim, al-Amin, "11 Aylul a'ada al-i'tibar ila al-jihad ghayr al-maddi" ("September 11 gave rise to the reexamination of the unconventional jihad"), Dar al-Hayat, (March 20, 2004); Taqiuddin, an-Nabhani, Political Thoughts, (London: Al-Khilafah Publications, 1999), p. 116. 2 "Khilaf fiqhi bayna Hamas wa-Hizb al-Tahrir" ("islamic law disagreements between Hamas and Hizb al-Tahrir"), al-Mu'tamar (Sana, Yemen), (January 24, 2006); The daily report of the Civil Administration in Judea and Samaria, (January 14, 2006); PNN, (January 16, 2006). 3 See, also, Asaf, Maliach, "The Islamic Liberation Party: From Pragmatism to Radicalism?", ICT Articles, (December 6, 2005). 4 "The summit of Sharm El-Sheikh is a vital stage in a series of humiliating concessions", Hizb al-Tahrir official website, (February 8, 2005). 5"Ziyarat Mahmoud 'Abbas mu'akharan ila washintun, bayna al-sakhb al-i'lami hawlaha w-waqi'uha" ("Abu Mazzen's Last Visit in Washington, the Wide Publicity Surrounding him, and the Reality"), Media Office of Hizb-ut-Tahrir, (December 4, 2005). 6 See, for example, an interview with Mahmoud 'Abd al-Kareem, a senior member in HT Lebanon, (January 26, 2006). (Audio). Details of the interviewer and location are not available. 7"Tawalli al-Sulta fi dhill al-'ihtilaal - Sharak yaqud al-waqi' fihi ila al-'i'tiraf bi-dawlat Yahud" ("Taking control over the regime in the shadow of the occupation - A trap which leads to the recognition of the Jewish state"), al-Nahda (London), (February 13, 2006). The conspiracy theory is discussed in the smallest details also in an article written by 'Abdullah 'Abd al-Rahman that was published on March 2, 2006 on the internet website of HT's media office. The article also blames Muhammad Dahlan and the Egyptian "scalpers" as having a hand in the conspiracy, see, 'Abdallah, 'Abd al-Rahman, "Adwa' 'ala fawz Hamas fi al-intikhabat al-tashri'iyya al-falastiniyya wa-taklifuha bi-tashkil al-hukumah al-muqbilah" ("Spotlight on Hamas' win in the Palestinian Legislative Council elections and its framing of the next government"), Media Office of Hizb-ut-Tahrir, (March 2, 2006). 8 "Taking control over the regime in the shadow of the occupation - A trap which leads to the recognition of the Jewish state", Ibid; See, also, 'Abd al-Rahman, Ibid; In the beginning of May 2006 behind the walls of the Hadarim Prison in Israel the "National Peace Document" was signed between Marwan Barghuthi, a senior member in Fatah, and 'Abd al-Khaliq al-Natshe, a Hamas member of the Palestinian parliament. The document is meant to serve as a basis for negotiation between Fatah and Hamas beginning in the end of May. Although the document does not explicitly mention recognition of Israel, the first clause states that "the Palestinian nation present in the homeland and in the Diaspora aspires to liberate its land and to fulfill its self-definition, including to establish an independent state with its capitol in Jerusalem on all lands occupied in 1967, to guarantee refugees the right to return and to release all prisoners and detainees." The joint document emphasizes the Palestinian factions' entire adherence to the option of armed resistance alongside the national and public struggle, however it hints that the struggle must be concentrated solely in the territories. In addition, the document discusses several principles that are supposed to guarantee an avoidance of a civil war in the PA and operational cooperation between the two organizations, chiefly, a reorganization of the PLO, new elections for the Palestinian Legislative Council and the establishment of a united government. According to the document, Hamas and the Islamic Jihad will join the various PLO institutions by the end of this year. Abu Mazen blessed the document and described it as an "important plan" that represents a foundation for a future Palestinian policy. Palestinian Prime Minister Isma'il Haniyya said that the agreement signed in the Israeli prison between Fatah and Hamas, which hints at a recognition of Israel and the '67 borders, is "an important agreement that must be studied in-depth." See, Arnon, Reguler, "Haniyya: Nivdoq hamismakh hamekir be-yisra'el bi-gvulot '67" ("Haniyya: We will check the document which recognizes Israel in '67 borders"), Ha'aretz, (May 12, 2006), and also, Arnon, Reguler, "Larishona: 'Ish Hamas qara le-hesder bi-gvulot '67" ("For the first time: Hamas member calls for arrangement in '67 borders"), Ha'aretz, (May 12, 2006), and also, an interview with Mahmoud 'Abd al-Kareem, a senior member in HT Lebanon, (January 26, 2006). (Audio). 9 Hasan, al-Hasan, "Al-Khizanah farighah wa-al-'amn biyad Fatah wa-al-'amr li-'Abbas, fa-'ayna Hamas?" ( "The treasury is empty, the security in the hand of Fatah and the authority to Abbas, and where is Hamas?"), Middle East Online, (April 14, 2006). 10 Ahmad, Salim, "Hizb al-Tahrir ya'qudu mu'tamar al-Khilafah al-tasi' - 'ala abwab al-Khilafah" ("Hizb al-Tahrir sets the ninth Caliphate conference - on the verge of the Caliphate"), al-Quds (Jerusalem), (May 4, 2006), p. 4. 11 "Mash'al: Sanata'amal bi-waqi'iyya shadida ma'a waqi' Uslu wa-sanas'i li-i'adat tartib awda' Munathamat al-Tahrir" ("Mash'al: We will act realistically with the situation written to us by Oslo and will operate to reorganize the PLO"), al-Ayyam (PA), (January 29, 2006). 12 'Abd al-Rahman, Ibid; An interview with Mahmoud 'Abd al-Kareem, a senior member in HT Lebanon, (January 26, 2006). (Audio). 13"Isra'il tusadir amwalan lil-sulta wa-Merkel tatajanab liqa' Hamas" ("Israel confiscates funds of the Palestinian Authority and Merkel avoids meeting with the Hamas"),al-Jazeera, (January 30, 2006); "Mash'al ya'rudu 'ala Isra'il Hudna mashrutah" ("Mash'al offers Israel a conditional armistice"),BBCArabic, (January 31, 2006). 14 'Abd al-Rahman, Ibid. 15 An interview with Mahmoud 'Abd al-Kareem, a senior member in HT Lebanon, (January 26, 2006). (Audio); "Taking control over the regime in the shadow of the occupation - A trap which leads to the recognition of the Jewish state", Ibid. 16 Al-Hasan, Ibid. 17 Al-Hasan, Ibid; Abu Mazen vetoed the establishment of the new security apparatus - "The Assistant Apparatus to the Security Forces" - that began to operate on May 17, 2006, and declared it illegal. This apparatus is an attempt to give official authorization to the operations of the military wing of Hamas and other armed organizations, including some under the "National Resistance Committees". Palestinian Interior Minister Sa'id Siyam explained the need to create the new apparatus since the current security forces are not fulfilling their duties as planned, thus there is a need to "assist" them. In fact, this is a military force in every sense of the word, which is meant to aid the Hamas government in their daily confrontations against Fatah officials and other apparatuses (including the Preventive Security Apparatus which is composed of the hardcore Fatah and do not obey the Palestinian Interior Minister's orders). In this regard, it must be mentioned that following the PA elections and the Hamas victory, Abu Mazen appointed Rashid Abu Shubak, former head of the Preventive Security Apparatus, as supervisor over the new security framework labeled "interior security", which includes apparatuses of the Palestinian interior ministry, who were supposed to be under the authority of Hamas however in fact were under Abu Mazen's authority. 18 HT conference held on February 2, 2006 on the grounds of the al-Aqsa Mosque under the sign "The Election Results of the Palestinian Legislative Council". (Audio). 19 Al-Hasan, Ibid. 20 HT conference held on February 2, 2006 on the grounds of the al-Aqsa Mosque under the sign "The Election Results of the Palestinian Legislative Council". (Audio). 21 Al-Hasan, Ibid. 22 "Taking control over the regime in the shadow of the occupation - A trap which leads to the recognition of the Jewish state", Ibid. 23 "La Solution Pour La Palestine", ("The Solution for Palestine"), al-Badil (HT France), (May 7, 2006). 24 Imran, Waheed, "Re: Fighting the War of Ideas, Foreign Affairs, Volume 84, Number 6", HT Britain, (May 17, 2006); Imran, Waheed and Sajjad Khan, "Fighting the War of Ideas - Revisited", HT Britain, (May 17, 2006); "Who is Zeyno Baran?", HT Britain, (May 17, 2006). 25 "al-Amn al-Urduni ya'taqil sab'a min a'da' Hizb al-Tahrir" ("The Jordanian security service arrested 7 members of Hizb al-Tahrir"), al-Jazeera, (Septembr 6, 2005). 26 Waheed and Khan, Ibid.