ATbar The “Shoe Bomber” Richard Reid - His Radicalization Explained

The “Shoe Bomber” Richard Reid - His Radicalization Explained

25/03/2018 | by Jager, Avi  

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On December 22, 2001 Richard Colvin Reid boarded an American Airlines flight from Paris to Miami with the intention to bomb the flight. As luck would have it, he encountered technical issues and was unable to carry out the attack. Richard's attempt to execute this large scale terror attack was the outcome of a long radicalization process. This process can be divided into four main phases using the NYPD model of radicalization: Pre-radicalization, Self-Identification, Indoctrination, and Jihadization. The study of Richard Reid's case through the lens of the NYPD Model of Radicalization sheds light on the roots of his indoctrination, and how it led to the potentially catastrophic event he was planning. His radicalization process started as a non-radical religious journey and took a sharp, dangerous turn as a result of various social, sociological and psychological factors, combined with the influence of charismatic leaders, an effective mobilizing mechanism, and group radicalization.


**The views expressed in this publication are solely those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the International Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT).



 This article is part of the RED-Alert project, funded by the European Union’s Horizon                                        2020 research and innovation Programme under grant agreement No 740688.

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