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With the military defeat of Islamic State, scores of radicalized Australian citizens stand to return home. How can law enforcement deal with these potentially dangerous returnees? This paper analyzes corrections policy at Goulburn Corrections Centre in New South Wales, Australia to better understand prison radicalization and how to combat it. It contextualizes the phenomenon of radicalization through a discussion of the concept and its presence in prisons, using Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi’s time at Camp Bucca detention center as case study. It then analyzes the current Goulburn strategy. It concludes with a recommendation to shift toward a rehabilitative rather than deterrent strategy.
This article is part of the RED-Alert project, funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation Programme under grant agreement No 740688.