Iran's goals in Syria's reconstruction
Regarding Iran's role in Syria, an analysis in the reformist Fararu discussed Iran's reconstruction aims in the country. The piece stated: "Based on a report published by the United Nations in 2017, the cost for reconstruction in Syria is $388 billion. This is as Bashar Assad, this country's president, said in meeting with representatives from Russia's parliament that this figure is $410 billion."
The piece said that Iran's priority was rebuilding Syria's communications and mobile phone network: "According to reports, Iran has allocated $8 billion in this area and Iran's primary aim is rebuilding Syria's communications and mobile phone network."
He added that Iran was focused on Daraa province as well: "Iran is also endeavoring to have a decisive role in reconstruction efforts in southern Syria, particularly in Daraa province. The Syrian government's extensive cooperation with Iran over its investment is one of the factors that gives Tehran a better position in Syria after the war in comparison to other countries." (Source, The National Iranian American Council newsletter)
My comments: Iran intends to have a certain measure of control and strategic intelligence in Syria by investing in Syria's communications and mobile phone network. More interestingly, its desire to invest in "reconstruction" in the Daraa province, near the borders of Israel and Jordan, probably is intended to offer a cover for its military activity in this sensitive region.