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The 2011 "Arab spring" uprising that toppled longtime ruler Muammar Gaddafi plunged Libya into years of chaos. Since 2014 Libya has been split between two rival administrations: the Tripoli-based "Government of National Accord" (GNA), led by Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj, and the House of Representatives allied to General Haftar and the Libyan National Army (LNA).
The conflict in Libya is being fueled by foreign states and becoming a battlefield for a geopolitical contest among regional and global powers. Turkey and Qatar supporting the GNA while Russia, Egypt, UAE and Saudi Arabia supporting the LNA.
The LNA launched an offensive in April 2019, in an attempt to extend Haftar’s control into the western coastal areas, and especially the capital Tripoli. But Haftar's rapid advance on Tripoli stalled to a bloody stalemate on the edges of the capital.
In recent months the GNA, with extensive Turkish military backing, pushed LNA forces back from its foothold in southern Tripoli and other parts of the northwest and launched a military operation, "Path of Victory", to capture the city of Sirte. 
 Haftar forces suffer string of defeats in battle for Tripoli, Al Jazeera, April 14, 2020.
 Libya: Haftar's LNA says pulling back from Tripoli front lines, Al Jazeera, May 21, 2020.