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The Iranian Threat Network (ITN) is comprised of entities operating in the regional and international arenas. It contains a wide array of actors and serves Iran as a strategic tool to promote its interests. It is intedned to disseminate the ideology of the Islamic revolution, preserve and position the Shiite on the Muslim world and provide Iran with tools that will enable it with leeway and assist the latter with accomplishing its regional and global goals.
The threat posed by ITN was highly visible after the elimination of Qassim Soleimani, al-Quds Force leader. For example, Hassan Nasrallah, Hezbollah’s secretary general, called all ITN elements to unite under al-Quds Force, drive the Americans out of the region and avenge Soleimani and al-Muhandis’ death. It should be noted, Iran is not interested in directly confronting the U.S. and thus its choice it to use ITN. Even though the latter is comprised of various entities with varied alliances and commitment to Iran, Soleimani was (and still is) a role model both in Iran and outside. He was the architect that led and solidified ITN. His activity as a key player in the regional campaign and the personal relations he had forged with militia leaders across the Middle East strengthened ITN and provided him with a special stature among its members.
 Omer Carmi, Deconstructing and Countering Iran’s Threat Network, The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, 2017. Retrieved from: https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/deconstructing-and-countering-irans-threat-network
 Soleimani was killed at the beginning of January 2020 by a U.S. drone UAV strike on his caravan. Together with Soleimani eight IRGC officers and Abu Mehdi al-Muhandis, the second in command of Hashd al-Shaabi militia were killed. Soleimani was appointed to command al-Quds Force in 1997 and had elevated it into a leading and influential factor in connection with Iran’s strategic decisions. For expansion see https://www.ict.org.il/images/%D7%9E%D7%95%D7%9E%D7%97%D7%99%D7%9D%20%D7%9E%D7%93%D7%91%D7%A8%D7%99%D7%9D%20%D7%97%D7%99%D7%A1%D7%95%D7%9C%20%D7%A1%D7%95%D7%9C%D7%99%D7%9E%D7%90%D7%A0%D7%99.pdf
 Matthew Levitt, “Fighters Without Borders”- Forecasting New Trends in Iran Threat Network Foreign Operations Tradecraft, CTC Sentinel, February 2020, Volume 13, Issue 2. Retrieved from: https://ctc.usma.edu/fighters-without-borders-forecasting-new-trends-iran-threat-network-foreign-operations-tradecraft/
 Matthew Levitt, “Fighters Without Borders”-Forecasting New Trends in Iran Threat Network Foreign Operations Tradecraft, CTC Sentinel, February 2020, Volume 13, Issue 2. Retrieved from: https://ctc.usma.edu/fighters-without-borders-forecasting-new-trends-iran-threat-network-foreign-operations-tradecraft/