ICT’s Research and Publications include short analyses and in-depth publications on a wide variety of topics including: terrorism, counter-terrorism, homeland security, radicalization process, cyber-terrorism, reviews from Jihadi Websites and insights from our database.
The new Israeli counter-terrorism bill, that was put forth by the Government,constitutes an attempt to regulate internal Israeli legislation and adjust the tools at the authorities’ disposal to cope with renewed terrorism threats, while striking an appropriate balance between the state’s security interests and its need to safeguard the fundamental principles of the liberal-democratic system and the human rights that it protects.
This position paper was written by Mr. Uri Ben Yaakov, Senior Researcher, Dr. Dror Harel, Research Fellow, and Ms. Nadine Liv, researcher, with the assistance of the ICT team and their colleagues.
Over recent months, we have witnessed several targeted killings of senior operatives of global jihad organizations throughout the world, the most recent of which were pillars of Al-Qaeda: Abu Basir Naser al-Wuhayshi, the leader of Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP), and Mukhtar Belmukhtar, a senior commander of Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM).
With targeted killing long becoming a key and perhaps primary counterterrorism measure used by a number of States in their confrontation with lethal terror, this article looks at the pros and cons of this method of warfare while focusing on the underlying justification for its use–namely its objective driven effectiveness. Israel’s use of targeted killing, intended to mitigate Palestinian suicide terrorism during the first decade of the 21st century, serves as the key case study in this article. A quantitative approach was adopted, using growth model analysis, and isolation of designated area, to demonstrate the effectiveness of targeted killing in reducing fatalities caused by suicide bombings. The period examined was from 2000 to 2010, with a key finding being that targeted killings of ideological leaders, primarily in Gaza, were more effective than operative level targeted killings in the context of confronting suicide bombing fatalities.
First published in Perspectives on Terrorism, Vol 9, No 1 (2015)
Israel’s decision makers must internalize the fact that the ongoing battle against terrorism is a complicated and sensitive one, intimately tied to Israel’s political, diplomatic, legal and PR conduct.
Paper prepared for the 2014 Herzliya Conference and published in the Jerusalem Post