Cyberspace has become an important battlefield, and an integral part of current and future conflicts. Recent years have seen increasing cyber-attacks on political targets, crucial infrastructure, and the Web sites of commercial corporations. These attacks, which are also, increasingly, receiving international attention, are perpetrated by nation-state actors (which do not take responsibility for them); groups of hackers (such as Anonymous); criminal organizations; and lone hackers. Nation-state actors are becoming ever more aware of the cyber threat, and are assessing its effect on their national security. To this end, many of them are finding (and funding) ways to develop the defense mechanisms to cope with the threat, as well as their own offensive capabilities.
Terrorist organizations are also a part of this dynamic, mutable environment. During the past two years, global jihad groups have also been honing their ability to act in cyberspace. They are extending their activities from “typical” use of the Internet for communication, recruitment of operatives, fundraising, propagandizing, incitement to hatred and violence, intelligence gathering, and psychological warfare, to attacks on the enemy’s critical infrastructure cyber warfare techniques. Increasingly, terrorist organizations are integrating the information available to them from the virtual world with that available to them in the real world, and using the former to develop offensive capabilities in the latter. This they call “electronic jihad”.
Given these developments, and as part our belief that “sharing information increases our ability to confront terrorism”, the International Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT) of the Interdisciplinary Center (IDC), Herzliya has decided to disseminate a periodic report and analysis of information gathered by our cyber-terrorism desk.
This new publication joins the ICT's series of publications:
This and forthcoming cyber-desk newsletters will address two main subjects: cyber-terrorism (offensive, defensive, and the media, and the main topics of jihadist discourse); and cyber-crime, whenever and wherever it is linked to jihad (funding, methods of attack).
In addition, through our Collaboration with the Lauder School of Government, Diplomacy and Strategy, we offer a 10 credits specialization in Cyber-Terrorism as part of our MA Program in Government with Specialization in Counter-Terrorism.
For all of Cyber Desk publication click here
This report covers the period of July-December 2020
The potential of cyberspace was identified by terror organizations over a decade ago. However, in recent years there is a significant uptick in the use of the internet and the sophistication of such use. Where initially terror organizations utilized static websites, then later incorporated basic interactive elements, and today, through social media and various applications, these organization are active online and offer fully interactive experiences for their users. ISIS is considered a trail blazer as far as online innovation is concerned.