Director, Government & International Affairs, Community Security Trust (CST), United Kingdom
Michael Whine is the Government and International Affairs Director at the Community Security Trust. Between 2010 and 2012 he acted as Lay Advisor to the Counter Terrorism Division of the Crown Prosecution Service.
In September 2013, he was appointed the UK Member of the European Commission Against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI), a human rights agency of the Council of Europe.
He has been a member of UK delegations to the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and its Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights, since 2004.
His scholarly works on extremism and terrorism have been published by ICT, RAND, ETH and NATO, and Routledge.
On 19 July 2012, Shasta Khan was found guilty of conspiring to bomb Jewish targets in Manchester. Her husband Mohammed Khan had pleaded guilty and therefore did not stand trial. The following day, both were sent to prison.
On 17 July 2012, Shasta Khan was found guilty of conspiring to bomb Jewish targets in Manchester. Her husband Mohammed Khan had pleaded guilty and therefore did not stand trial. The following day, both were sent to prison.
On 18 July, a suicide bomber detonated a bomb inside his rucksack within a bus full of Israeli tourists at Burgas airport, Bulgaria, killing himself, the driver and five of the Israeli visitors. CCTV footage of the so-far unidentified bomber, showed a European with long blond hair wandering around the airport terminal building for over an hour before he boarded the bus.
On 7 July, the Cypriot police arrested a man on suspicion of gathering intelligence on El Al flights to the island, and of bus tours catering for Israeli tourists.
These three incidents encapsulate the nature of the ongoing threat to Jewish communities and Israeli institutions abroad: both are targets, and the threat comes from different sources, with Iran and its surrogates and Al Qaeda and its affiliates in the global jihad movement presenting the major concerns.
This chapter examines the effects that the easing of Europe’s borders and the development of information and communications technologies are having on the outlook and activities of right-wing extremists. It will argue that these developments are the new ‘enablers’ allowing white supremacists and neo-Nazis to connect and move closer to the cooperation that earlier extremists argued for, but failed to accomplish. Of course right-wing extremists are not the only political activists who benefit. The extreme left has always been internationalist, and anti-globalization protestors communicated and organized across borders to stage demonstrations and riots in Gothenburg (2000), Genoa (2001) and elsewhere. The extreme right, however, has not, and attempts to create enduring international collaboration have been less successful.
The chapter’s focus is on white supremacists, neo-Nazi groups and the youth cultures they frequently recruit from, rather than parties, although there may be links between them. Their lifestyles are a consequence of easier movement and the adoption of contemporary cultures, most notably music and clothing. A trend towards focused terrorist violence is also emerging.
The 7 July multiple bombings in Londond emonstrate the emergence of new trends which have begun to manifest themselves elsewhere, most notably it appears inAustraliaand the USA.
Note: This essay will be published in the forthcoming book 'Terrorism and Human Rights' to be published by Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, the Hague.