First published in Tel-Aviv Notes, Moshe Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and African Studies, Tel Aviv University.
On June 16, 2011, Ayman al-Zawahiri was named Usama Bin Ladin's successor as al-Qa‘ida's leader. His appointment was not taken for granted and had to be approved by al-Qa‘ida's central command. His ascension compels one to raise a number of questions: What is the state of the organization he is supposed to lead after more than a decade of war against it? Will he be able to rally the various factions around his leadership and gain their trust and support? What will be the impact of Bin Ladin's death on the organization? Will it continue on the same jihadist ideological path? In the aftermath of the tumultuous events in the region known as the "Arab Spring," what are its prospects and those of other jihadist movements?
In studying the attitudes of Muslims, and Muslim Arabs in particular, toward Judaism, Zionism and the State of Israel, one cannot avoid dealing with the question whether the term anti-Semitism is appropriate for defining these attitudes.
This paper is published with the kind permission of the Project for the Study of Anti-Semitism at the Tel-Aviv University.