Senior Research & Head of the Terrorism and Religion in Comparative Perspective (TRCP) Desk, International Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT), IDC Herzliya, Israel
Dr. Fine leads the ICT efforts to better understand the unique manner in which fundamental religious groups engage in politics and use violence in order to achieve their goals from a comparative global perspective. He is a Member of ICTAC (The International Counter-Terrorism Academic Community) and ICSR (The International Center for Study of Radicalization and Political Violence) in Kings College – London. He served in a IDF Counter-Terrorist unit and was an advisor on arms control to the IDF Strategic Division Planning Branch. He lectures to government agencies (including the Israeli Prime Minister Office) staffers, military institutes, and law enforcement agencies, in Israel and abroad, including IDF elite units, Navy and Air force as well.
Dr. Fine holds a Ph.d. and an MA Cum Laude in General History from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, where he was also engaged in a three year personal MA course program in Political Science and International Relations. He is a graduate of the Executive Course in Counter Terrorism at the ICT, and the special program in Intelligence Services and International Security sponsored by the Universities of Alicante and Cartagena , Spain. He also holds an MA in Religion and Jewish Studies from JTS (The Jewish Theological Seminary in New York) and the Solomon Schechter Institute for Jewish Studies in Jerusalem. He has a broad academic background in History, Comparative Religion, Political Science, and International Relations, and specializes in comparative politics and religions with special emphasis on the transition from secular agenda political violence to religious agenda political violence, focusing on both, global and regional perspectives, with emphasis on Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. He is also an expert on the Middle East and Israeli Studies with special interest in US and EU policies in the region. In December 2006 he was ordained as a Conservative Rabbi at the Solomon Schechter institute for Jewish Studies in Jerusalem.
Religious Violence in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam – from Holy War to Modern Terror" (New York: Rowman & Littlefield) forthcoming 2015.
The Establishment of the Israeli Governmental System. 1947 – 1951 (New York: State University of New York Press – SUNY) Forthcoming: 2015.
"The Role of Religion in Shaping the Arab Spring", in, Gabriel R. Ricci Ed. Faith, Violence, and War: Religion and Public Life (New Brunswick & London: Transaction Publishers, Oct. 2014) pp.25-46.
"The Evolution of Governance in Israel" in, Abbas Kadhim ed. Governance in the Middle East and North Africa (London 7 New York: Routledge, 2013) pp. 382-399 (together with Itzhak Galnoor).
"Political and Philological Origins of the Term Terrorism", in, Middle Eastern- Studies (London: Routledge, Vol. 46, No.2) March, 2010. pp.271-288.
"Pan Arabism Anti Semitism", in, EJIW (Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World) (Leiden & Boston: Brill Publications) February 2010.
"Contrasting Secular and Religious Agenda Terrorism", in, Middle East Quarterly (Washington D.C. Vol.15, Number 1 Winter 2008) pp.59-71.
"Establishing a New Governmental System: the Israeli Emergency Committee: October 1947 – April 1948", in, Middle Eastern Studies (London: Routledge) Vol.44 Number 6, November 2008) pp. 997-993.
"The Impact of War on the Establishment of the Israeli Governmental System Between 1947 – 1949" [Hebrew], in, Mordechai Baron & Meir Hazani eds. A People at War (Jerusalem: Tel Aviv University, the Galili Center for Security Studies, and Keter Publishers, 2007) pp. 95 – 133].
"Organizing the Jewish Home Front towards the War of Independence: Basic Problems in Government Logistics" [Hebrew], in, Alon Kadish ed. Israel's War of Independence: 1948 – 1949 (Tel Aviv: Ministry of Defense, 2004) pp. 679-711.
In recent years Dr. Fine has lectured as a visiting Professor to the US, Canada, Spain, Germany, the UK, Norway, Austria, Romania, Bulgaria, the Russian Federation, Argentina, Uruguay, Mexico, Brazil, South Africa and Tanzania. This year he will be lecturing in China as well.
MIT Security Studies Program (SSP), United States Military Academy at West Point, The Edmund A. Walsh School for Foreign Service at Georgetown University (Washington D.C), Brookings Institute (Washington D.C) Chicago University Harris School of Government , Sam Nunn School for Intr. Affairs ( Georgia), Layola University (Chicago), Hubert-Humphrey Institute for Public Affairs (Minneapolis), The Naval Post Graduate School at Monterey, The Monterey Institute for International Studies, Chicago Police Academy, George Washington University (Washington D.C) Loyola Mary Mountains' Air Force Cadets Program LA, Tufts University (Boston), North Eastern University (Boston) The Center of the Study of Religion & Conflict, The School of Politics & Global Studies & the Center of Jewish Studies at Arizona State University (ASU) The Israeli Studies Center at the American University (Washington D.C) University of Southern California (USC) LA, the University of San Diego (USD) and the State University of San Diego, Paramount and Pepperdine Universities, LA, University of Birmingham Alabama. The Center of Military & Strategic Studies at the University of Calgary (CMS) The Canadian Defense College (Toronto) the CSDS (Center for Security & Defense Studies) Graduate Studies at the Norman Pearson School of International Affairs, Carlton University (Ottawa), The Graduate School of Public & International Affairs, University of Ottawa, International Relations Graduate Program, Queens University (Canada) The Royal Canadian Military Center (Toronto) University of Leipzig, Germany, NUPI – Norwegian Institute of International Affairs, Oslo, PRIO – International Peace Research Institute, Oslo, Norwegian Defense Academy, Oslo, University of Vienna (Austria), PISM (The Polish Institute of International Affairs) University of Alicante (Spain) Universidad Pontifical Cartagena (Spain) and Universidad Pontifical Comillas (Madrid), SNSPA (The National School for Politics & Administration - Bucharest), The National Intelligence Academy (Bucharest), PISM (The Polish Institute of International Affairs) Federal University of Rio de Janeiro and IBMEC Institute (Brazil), ITAM University (Mexico) and the universities of Belgrano, UADE, Di Tella, UCEMA, Cordoba (Argentina) and The Institute of Strategic Studies (Montevideo - Uruguay).
Dr. Fine is also often interviewed in local and foreign press, and by various TV networks such as: the BBC, CBN, Sky News, Russia Today, ARD (Germany) Canadian TV, Chinese TV, IT24, (France, Middle East & Africa)) CH 7 (Finland) and Israeli channels 1, 2, 9, 10 and Ynet.
Too many analysts underestimate the ideological basis of terrorism and argue instead that rational-strategic rather than ideological principles motivate Islamist terror groups. Comparison between terrorist groups with secular and religious agendas, however, suggests that ideology matters for both and that downplaying religious inspiration for terrorism in an effort to emphasize tactical motivations is both inaccurate and dangerous. In order to better understand the political mindset of Islamist terrorist organizations, the religious ideology of their leaders should receive as much if not more attention than the strategies and tactics they apply.